7 Signs and Symptoms of Magnesium Deficiency

Magnesium deficiency, also called hypomagnesemia, is an often overlooked health condition. In some cases, magnesium deficiency can be underdiagnosed, as the obvious signs usually don’t appear until your levels become seriously low. The causes of magnesium deficiency vary. They range from inadequate food intake to the body losing magnesium. Health problems associated with magnesium loss include diabetes, poor absorption, chronic diarrhea, celiac disease, and hungry bone syndrome. People with alcoholism are also at increased risk.

7 symptoms of magnesium deficiency.

1. Contractions and muscle cramps

Shaking, tremors and muscle cramps are signs of magnesium deficiency. In the worst case, the deficiency can even cause seizures or convulsions. Scientists believe that these symptoms are caused by an increased flow of calcium into nerve cells, which overexcites or overstimulates muscle nerves. Although supplements may help relieve muscle twitches and cramps in people with a deficiency, one study concluded that magnesium supplements are not an effective treatment for muscle cramps in the elderly. Remember that involuntary muscle twitches can have many other causes. For example, stress or too much caffeine can cause them.

2. Mental health disorders

Mental health disorders are another possible consequence of magnesium deficiency. These include apathy, which is characterized by mental numbness or lack of emotion. An aggravated deficiency can even lead to delirium and coma. Additionally, observational studies have linked low levels of magnesium with an increased risk of depression. Scientists have also speculated that magnesium deficiency may promote anxiety, but direct evidence is lacking. One review concluded that magnesium supplements may benefit a subset of people with anxiety disorders.

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3. Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disorder characterized by weak bones and an increased risk of bone fractures. Many factors influence the risk of developing osteoporosis. These include:
– aging
– lack of exercise
– a low dietary intake of vitamins D and K.

Interestingly, magnesium deficiency is also a risk factor for osteoporosis. Deficiency can weaken bones directly, but it also lowers blood levels of calcium, the main building block of bones. Studies have associated low magnesium intake with lower bone mineral density.

4. Fatigue and muscle weakness

Fatigue, a condition characterized by physical or mental exhaustion or weakness, is another symptom of magnesium deficiency. Remember that everyone gets tired from time to time. Usually it just means you need to rest. However, severe or persistent fatigue can be a sign of a health problem. Since fatigue is a non-specific symptom, its cause is impossible to identify unless it is accompanied by other symptoms.
Another more specific sign of magnesium deficiency is muscle weakness, also known as myasthenia gravis. Scientists believe this weakness is caused by the loss of potassium in muscle cells, a condition associated with magnesium deficiency.

5. High blood pressure

Studies show that a magnesium deficiency can raise blood pressure and promote high blood pressure, which is a significant risk factor for heart disease. Low levels of magnesium or insufficient dietary intake can raise blood pressure. The strongest evidence for the benefits of magnesium comes from controlled studies. Several reviews have concluded that magnesium supplements can lower blood pressure, especially in adults with high blood pressure. Put simply, a magnesium deficiency can increase blood pressure, which, in turn, increases the risk of heart disease.

6. Asthma

Magnesium deficiency is sometimes seen in people with severe asthma. Additionally, magnesium levels tend to be lower in people with asthma than in people without the condition. Researchers believe that a lack of magnesium can cause calcium to build up in the muscles that line the airways of the lungs. This causes the airways to constrict, making it harder to breathe.
Interestingly, an inhaler containing magnesium sulfate is sometimes given to people with severe asthma to help relax and widen the airways.

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7. Irregular Heartbeat

Cardiac arrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat, is one of the most serious symptoms of magnesium deficiency (38%). Symptoms of arrhythmia are mild in most cases. Often, she has no symptoms. However, in some people it can cause heart palpitations, which are pauses between heartbeats. Other possible symptoms of arrhythmia are:
– dizziness
– shortness of breath
– chest pain
– fainting

In the most severe cases, arrhythmia can increase the risk of stroke or heart failure. Scientists believe an imbalance in potassium levels inside and outside heart muscle cells may be to blame, a condition associated with magnesium deficiency. Some people with congestive heart failure and arrhythmia have been shown to have lower magnesium levels than people without this condition. Treating these people with magnesium injections significantly improved their heart function. Magnesium supplements may also help reduce symptoms in some people with arrhythmia

* At press health we strive to transmit medical knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE can the information given replace medical advice. []

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