Cannabidiol or CBD is a molecule derived from cannabis. Its sale is tolerated in France unlike the latter. Not to be confused with tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), another molecule derived from cannabis, which has psychotropic effects. CBD is found in flower or oil form. So what are the characteristics of CBD flowers and oils?
The characteristics of CBD flowers
It exists many varieties of CBD flowers and each of them has its own characteristics.
Peculiarities of Indoor CBD flowers
Indoor CBD flowers are grown indoors and can be classified as “high-end” products. This culture technique offers certain advantages which are easily observed in terms of quality and taste of flowers for consumption.
Cultivating indoors will indeed accelerate the growth of the plant. The latter is exposed to a higher rate of CO2, which has the effect of promoting their development. Moreover, a plant that grows indoors is protected from pests and rodents which could damage the flowers. Since the plant is grown indoors, it is therefore sheltered from rain, wind and bad weather. The CBD concentration is thus higher than in other flower varieties.
Characteristics of outdoor cannabis flowers
Unlike Indoor ones, CBD Outdoor flowers are grown outdoors and therefore without as much supervision. This type of culture gives imperfect, but powerful flowers. Some people also think that outdoor cultivation gives these flowers a more aggressive taste than the others. They are more accessible because of their lower cost.
CBD flowers in the greenhouse
The greenhouse CBD flowers are the most special of all. They are also called Green House. All you need to know about CBD Green House flowers is that they are a blend of the two previous growing methods. Which means they are both grown indoors and outdoors. This type of culture takes advantage of the strengths of the other two to offer flowers that are close to perfection.
Greenhouse cultivation offers plants protection against bad weather and climatic variations (rain, snow, heat wave, etc.). It also ensures a product grown on the ground (richer than the soils used for indoor cultivation). In addition, plants are protected by the microclimate created inside. All the needs of the flower being respected, we obtain plants of excellent quality and magnificent flowers.
The characteristics of CBD oils
CBD oil is obtained from the extraction of hemp with a high concentration of cannabidiol. In order to be legal, CBD oils must contain -0.2% THC. On the other hand, they can contain all the other hemp molecules such as non-psychotropic cannabinoids, terpenes or even flavonoids. CBD oils usually come in a dispenser bottle. The pipette is used to measure the quantity of oil or the number of drops necessary which must be adapted according to the required dosage or the expected effect. However, CBD oils are not identical and are characterized by different elements.
The different methods of extracting CBD oil
CBD oil is typically extracted by three different processes: CO2, oil, and solvent. The CO2 extraction mode, although expensive, is the most used by manufacturers, because it allows absolute control. Natural gas (CO2) makes it possible to precisely control the heating temperature and thus guarantees the preservation of the virtues of CBD once extracted.
Oil extraction is a completely natural process. During an oil extraction, animal, vegetable or mineral oil is used which will also be heated. It is then filtered by the hemp plant to take the CBD along the way that it contains. However, the oil extraction, which is a simple method, must be practiced without overheating so as not to alter the effects of CBD.
To perform solvent extraction, manufacturers use hydrocarbons that leave residue in CBD oil. The latter is therefore not totally devoid of pollutants. For this reason, solvent extraction is less recommendedeven if it is less expensive.
The different varieties of existing CBD oils
It exists several types of CBD oil :
- decarboxylated oil,
- crude oil,
- raw oil,
- full spectrum oil,
- hemp seed oil.
The decarboxylation step is almost unavoidable when you want to consume cannabis. This is about heating the hemp to activate the virtues of CBD. It is a mandatory process to be able to use CBD during culinary preparations, for example. Crude oil, on the other hand, does not undergo any transformation or any chemical process. It is simply extracted from hemp and then mixed with a vegetable oil such as olive oil, coconut oil, grapeseed oil, etc. The concentration of CBD is therefore very variable.
The most commonly used CBD oil today is raw CBD oil. This oil is 100% organic and its effects are relatively powerful. There is also full spectrum oil or “full spectrum” which is a pure oil, directly extracted from hemp. It therefore has all the components of the plant, including cannabinoids and other essential minerals, proteins, vitamins, fatty acids, chlorophyll, terpenes and flavonoids.
Hemp seed oil is essentially made up of the extracts of seeds pressed beforehand. It is obtained by mechanical cold pressing. Hemp seed oil is the oil the most saturated in essential fatty acids that our body does not produce naturally. Hemp seeds are indeed highly concentrated in omega 3 and 6. On the other hand, hemp seed oil contains very little CBD. It is important not to confuse it with CBD oil. The latter is the result of an extraction from the flowers and leaves of hemp and not from the seeds.