The Mediterranean diet, in addition to having a preventive effect on many diseases, also improves kidney health. This diet rich in fruits and vegetables reduces the risk of chronic kidney disease by 50% and rapid kidney function failure by 42%. Kidney diseases affect a very large number of people, especially the elderly.
The Mediterranean diet, sometimes referred to as the Cretan diet, is a natural dietary practice of many peoples based around the Mediterranean such as the Greeks, Italians, French, Spaniards, Moroccans, Lebanese, etc. This diet is based on a regular and significant consumption of fruits, vegetables, cereals, fish and polyunsaturated fats found in particular in olive oil as well as a low consumption of meat, eggs, dairy products, sweets and industrialized foods. . Olive oil is the main source of fat in this diet. Alcohol is generally consumed in moderate quantities, wine is often the alcohol of first choice.
Mediterranean diet: prevent: cardiovascular diseases, Alzheimer’s, cancers or even Parkinson’s
Many studies have shown significant health benefits of such a diet, it helps prevent cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer’s, cancer or even Parkinson’s disease. The awareness of the favorable effects of this diet is based on the observation after the 2nd World War of good health and a life expectancy higher than the average of the inhabitants of Crete, a Greek island. Currently this diet has crossed borders and is recommended by many doctors and nutritionists around the world.
50% reduction in chronic kidney disease
American researchers from Columbia University (Columbia University Medical Centers) in New York examined 900 people following a complete or partial Mediterranean diet for 7 years. At the start of the study, the average age of the patients was 69 years old.
The researchers evaluated patients’ adherence to this diet by assigning them a score from 1 to 9. For each point on this scale, patients saw their risk of suffering from chronic kidney disease decrease by 17%. For participants who followed this diet rigorously, their risk of suffering from chronic kidney disease was 50% lower than those who did not follow this diet. They also had a 42% lower risk of developing rapid kidney function failure.
Let us recall for simplicity that the kidneys act as a filter by cleaning waste from the blood. If they fail, a significant amount of waste can build up in the bloodstream and damage the body. Patients with kidney disorders should not only watch their diet, but also exercise regularly and lead a healthy lifestyle.
Khatri M: The association between a Mediterranean-style diet and kidney function in the Northern Manhattan Study cohort. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. doi: 10.2215/CJN.01080114.