FAQ

Clairaudience: What does science know about mediums who hear voices?

Mediums claim that they have the ability to communicate with spirits by seeing them (“clairvoyant”), feeling them (“clairsenti”) or hearing them (“clairaudient”). Studies from the universities of Cardiff, Northampton and Lancaster (UK) have argued that religious and spiritual experiences (RES), such as clairaudience, can be useful in comparing auditory hallucinations in people with certain mental disorders.

The clairaudience experience

A study, published in the journal Mental Health, Religion & Culture, examined the connections between auditory spiritual communications experienced by psychics, beliefs and personality. This study is part of the Hearing the Voice project. Dr Adam J. Powell, from the Department of Theology and Religion at Durham University in the UK, and Dr Peter Moseley, from the Department of Psychology at Northumbria University, also in the UK, carried out this study.

“Psychics tend to report unusual auditory experiences that are positive. They start early in life and they are often able to control,” says Dr. Moseley. Mosley. “Understanding how these experiences develop is important, as it could help us better understand distressing or uncontrollable experiences of hearing voices.”

How to Evaluate the Clairaudience Experience

The researchers recruited 65 psychic participants, along with 143 other participants to serve as a general population control group. Most were from the UK, North America, Australasia and Europe. The team asked participants to complete customized versions of online questionnaires that are known to assess various characteristics in a consistent way.

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These questionnaires were:

– The Absorption Scale: This scale uses yes/no questions to measure the likelihood of a person being fully immersed in internal and external stimuli such as movies, mental images, music, or thoughts. This is also called the absorption tendency.

– Revised Launay-Slade Hallucination Scale: This scale assesses a participant’s tendency to experience auditory and visual hallucinations.

– The Revised Paranormal Belief Scale: Assesses participants’ perceptions of traditional religious beliefs, psi (extrasensory perception and the ability to influence physical entities without interaction), witchcraft, superstition, extraordinary life forms, precognition (ability to see the future) and spiritualism.

– Questionnaire IV on aspects of identity: this assesses the importance that the participants themselves placed on personal identity, relational identity, social identity and collective identity.
Participants in the psychic group also completed a questionnaire about the frequency, context and duration of their experiences.

Frequency, context and location of clairaudience experiences

The average age at which psychic participants had their first clairaudience experience was 21.7 years. But most people have experienced it either before the age of 20 or around the age of 40. No less than 44.6% of those questioned declared having had a clearing experience on a daily basis. And 33.8% said they had had such an experience the day before.

When it comes to where these experiences took place, 79% of participants said they had them both in spiritual settings (such as in a church) and outside of these settings. A total of 12.9% of participants said their experiences only took place outside of spiritual contexts. While 8.1% said they experienced clairaudience only in spiritual contexts. Furthermore, according to reports, 65.1% of clairaudience experiences occurred within the medium’s head, 31.7% manifested both inside and outside, and 3.2% were allegedly external experiences only.

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As for the first occurrence of a clairaudience experience, across all participants:

– 44.8% said they had experienced clairaudience before encountering mediumship
– 29.3% said they had encountered mediumship before experiencing clairaudience.
– 25.9% said their first experience of clairaudience happened at the same time as their first encounter with mediumship

Better self-awareness than the general population

People in the psychic group were more prone to spiritual and non-spiritual auditory absorption and hallucinations than the general population group.
Also, the higher the frequency of the clairaudience experience, the stronger the absorption tendency was in the medium group.

Research suggests an association within the general population group between spiritual beliefs and absorption. In this group, the association between spiritual beliefs and hallucination propensity was not significant. The study also confirmed previous findings that suggest people are more likely to become interested in the paranormal because of an unusual sensory experience, not the other way around.

For our participants, the principles of mediumship seem to make sense both for the extraordinary experiences of childhood and for the frequent auditory phenomena they experience as practicing mediums. But all of these experiences may result more from having certain early tendencies or abilities than from simply believing in the possibility of contacting the dead if one tries hard enough,” says Dr. Adam Powell.

Surprisingly, the researchers found that psychics were no more dependent than the rest of the population on the viewpoints and perspectives of others to form a self-image. In fact, the medium group scored higher on personal identity than the control group. Participants in the medium group had significantly fewer years of formal education. However, since no questionnaire measure was significantly associated with education, this characteristic cannot explain the differences between the two groups.

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Can psychics really hear the dead?

This is a centuries-old question. But this study did not examine the veracity of mediumship experiences. Instead, she compared the auditory hallucinations, beliefs, and identity traits of those who call themselves psychics with those of the general population. In the end, the mediums who control their experience of clairaudience are not victims of hallucinations in the medical sense of the term. This is already an important point, mediums and clairaudients are not “crazy”.

Sources

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13674676.2014.894007
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/psychological-medicine/article/abs/relationship-between-trauma-and-beliefs-about-hearing-voices-a-study-of-psychiatric-and-
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13674676.2011.577411
https://doi.apa.org/doiLanding?doi=10.1037%2Fh0036681
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1053810011001954?via%3Dihub
https://doi.apa.org/doiLanding?doi=10.1037%2Fcns0000047

* Presse Santé strives to transmit medical knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE can the information given replace medical advice. [HighProtein-Foods.com]

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