A dental abscess is characterized by an accumulation of pus inside the teeth or gums. An abscess is often due to a bacterial infection, which has accumulated in the pulp of the tooth. Bacteria naturally live in our mouths and saliva. They adhere to the teeth and eventually damage them and the gums if the plaque is not removed by regular tooth brushing. In the case of poor dental hygiene, the bacteria spread to the soft tissues of the tooth or gum and form an abscess. In any case, do not delay for dental abscess.
Symptoms of a Tooth Abscess
The most common symptoms of a tooth abscess are:
– sharp pain
– sensitivity to cold and hot foods and liquids
– a bad taste in the mouth
– a general state of malaise
– difficulty opening the mouth and swallowing
The main symptom of a dental abscess is pain. This pain can be stabbing but most often it is intense. The pain begins abruptly and intensifies as the hours or days pass. Sometimes the pain radiates to the ear, jaw and neck.
The 3 three types of dental abscess:
Dentists identify three main types of abscess.
Gingival abscess: It is located only in the gum tissue and does not affect the tooth
Periodontal abscess: It begins in the bone structures supporting the teeth.
Periapical abscess: This begins in the soft pulp of the tooth.
Knowing the type of abscess makes it possible to determine the gravity, the location and to apply the most appropriate treatment.
Most common causes of a dental abscess
A dental abscess is caused by an aggravation of a dental infection. The bacteria present in the mouth end up infecting a tooth, entering it and proliferating.
In this case, the bacteria enter the tooth through tiny holes caused by tooth decay. Cavities break down the soft tissue layer below the enamel, called dentin. Over time, the cavity forms a hole that allows bacteria to enter the pulp of the tooth and infect it. This is called pulpitis. As the pulpitis progresses, the bacteria eventually reach the alveolar bone that supports the tooth, forming a periapical abscess.
This is a special case of dental abscess. In this case, the bacteria infect the gums, which triggers periodontitis. Inflamed gums will cause the tissue surrounding the root of the tooth to tighten and therefore create a space at the base of the tooth, it is a periodontal pocket. In this space, bacteria will accumulate and a periodontal abscess will form.
What to do to relieve while waiting for the appointment at the dentist
Here are some tips that can help ease the pain while waiting for the appointment.
– Do not consume foods and drinks that are too hot or too cold.
– Chew on the side of the mouth where there is no abscess
– Prefer a very soft toothbrush.
Although “home remedies” can help make the situation a little more comfortable while waiting for treatment, it is important to see a dentist quickly to avoid too much pain time and the possibility of complications.