Diabetes: the first symptoms that should alert you

Symptoms of diabetes are often subtle before it really strikes or you are diagnosed. Here are the symptoms that should alert you and encourage you to consult your doctor.

Hundreds of thousands of people have diabetes but don’t know it. Early symptoms of diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes, are not always obvious. In fact, signs and symptoms can come on so gradually that you can have type 2 diabetes for years before you’re diagnosed with the disease.

But if you notice the following signs and symptoms, make an appointment to see your doctor:

  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Tired
  • Blurred vision
  • Unexpected weight loss
  • Increased hunger
  • Slow wound healing and frequent infections
  • Red and swollen gums
  • Tingling or numbness in your hands or feet

Understanding the possible symptoms of diabetes can lead to early diagnosis and treatment, which can help you prevent diabetes complications and allow you to lead a better quality life.

Here are more details on the signs and symptoms of diabetes:

Excessive thirst and increased urination

Excessive thirst and increased urination are common signs and symptoms of diabetes. When you have diabetes, excess glucose, a type of sugar, builds up in your blood. Your kidneys are forced to work overtime to filter and absorb excess glucose.

When your kidneys can’t keep up, excess glucose is excreted in your urine, which dehydrates you. This will generate a feeling of frequent thirst. As you drink more fluids to quench your thirst, you will urinate even more.

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Diabetes can make you tired. High blood sugar impairs your body’s ability to use glucose for energy needs. Dehydration resulting from increased urination can also make you tired.


When you lose glucose through frequent urination, you also lose calories. At the same time, diabetes can prevent glucose from your food from reaching your cells, leading to constant hunger. The combined effect can potentially cause rapid weight loss, especially with type 1 diabetes.

Blurred vision

Symptoms of diabetes sometimes involve your vision. High blood glucose levels damage the lenses of your eyes. It also affects your ability to concentrate.

If left untreated, diabetes can cause new blood vessels to form in your retina, the back part of your eye, and damage the vessels already there. For most people, these early changes do not cause vision problems. However, if these changes progress undetected, they can lead to vision loss and blindness.

Slow wound healing or frequent infections

High blood glucose levels can lead to poor blood circulation and impair your body’s natural healing process. For this reason, people with diabetes may notice slow wound healing, especially on the feet. In women with diabetes, bladder infections and changes in vaginal flora may occur more often.

Tingling and numbness of the hands and feet

Too much glucose in your blood can affect the function of your nerves. You may notice tingling and loss of sensation (numbness) in your hands and feet, and burning pain in your arms, hands, legs, and feet.

Red and swollen gums

Diabetes can weaken your ability to fight off germs, increasing the risk of infection in your gums and in the bones that hold your teeth in place. Your gums may retract from your teeth, your teeth may loosen, or you may develop sores or pockets of pus in your gums, especially if you had a gum infection before diabetes developed.

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Take Your Body Signs Seriously

If you notice any signs or symptoms of diabetes, contact your doctor promptly. Diabetes is a serious disease, and the earlier it is diagnosed, the sooner treatment can begin. With your active participation and the support of your doctor, you can manage diabetes and enjoy an active, healthy life.

* The information and services available on pressesante.com in no way replace the consultation of competent health professionals. [HighProtein-Foods.com]

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