Hyssop, from its scientific name Hyssopus officinalis, is a perennial and bushy narrow plant with bilabiate blue flowers that can reach 60 cm in height. Originally from southern Europe, it grows spontaneously around the Mediterranean, especially in Turkey and the Balkans. It particularly appreciates dry and sunny places and in gardens. The flowering tops are particularly used to produce essential oil. Its active ingredients are marrubine, flavonoids, tannin, pinocamphone and thujone.
What indications for this medicinal plant?
Hyssop is carminative; hypotensive; antiseptic; antiviral. For his Essential oilit is antiallergic, parasympatholytic, sympathomimetic, lipolytic, antifungal, mucolytic, antiviral.
It can be used internally and externally.
- For internal use, its expectorant, fluidifying or tonic property allows it to treat and strengthen the mucous membranes of the airway. In addition, it has an antispasmodic action. In this case, it improves digestion and at the same time helps to evacuate intestinal gas. On the other hand, it reduces fever thanks to its antipyretic nature. Finally, it promotes sweating.
- For external use, hyssop can be prescribed to heal, reduce bruising and treat inflammation caused by rheumatism.
In what form can it be used in herbal medicine?
The plant exists in the form of essential oil, herbal teas, infusions, poultices, lotions, syrups, aqueous extracts.
How to use it to take advantage of its therapeutic powers?
- You can infuse its leaves and the dry flowering tops to recommend against coughs and certain lung conditions like bronchitis. For the preparation, take 1 tsp, and pour into a large cup of boiling water. Let the contents infuse for 10 min. Drink 2 or 3 cups a day, for a week.
- Pour a few drops of the essential oil in the bath water, if you want to treat rheumatic pains and soothe the psychoemotional effects.
- Herbal tea can help the digestive system in the digestive process. It is also effective in expelling intestinal gas. For the preparation, put 10 g or 1 tsp of flowering tops or dried leaves in 1 liter of boiling water; infuse for 10 min. Drink it until the symptoms go away.
- Dilute a few drops of the essential oil in a glass of water for gargling. It can be used for soothe sore throats and treat infections of the oral mucosa.
- Against bruises, prepare a poultice from the leaves. To do this, take a large handful of fresh leaves, grind them lightly and smear them on the affected area. Cover with one or more compresses or a bandage for at least one hour.
- To reduce irritation caused by scabs, eczema… infuse 2 tbsp of flower heads and dried leaves in 200 ml of boiling water. Filter and apply at dawn on the affected areas.
What precautions and contraindications to its use?
The essential oil of the plant contains a neurotoxin and an abortifacient. Pay attention then. Pregnant and breastfeeding women, hyperactive and epileptic people should never use it in any form.