Do you suffer from depression? A few points to get to the bottom of it

Depression is often an underestimated illness, both in the professional world and in social relationships. Be careful, when we talk about depression, it is not a question of small moments of depression or fatigue that we all go through, but of a sometimes chronic illness to be taken very seriously.

Among the many symptoms of this disease, we can note a loss of interest and pleasure in daily activities, an inhibition in thoughts and a change in mood. The patient may also present with sadness, a certain despair or even a difficulty in expressing his feelings.

Anxiety is very often associated with illness. It is also often difficult for the doctor to distinguish depression from anxiety. Depression is often long-lasting, that is to say, manifests itself for several weeks or months. Depression is also often manifested by other so-called physical symptoms such as sleep disorders, appetite disorders or pain in the body.

A disease more common than you think: women twice as affected as men

The likelihood that a person will develop depression during their lifetime in Western countries varies from 7 to 18%, depending on gender in particular. Women are twice as at risk as men. Worldwide, the WHO estimates that 350 million people or 5% of the population currently suffer from depression. In France, the number of people suffering from depression is estimated at 8%, a little more than in the United States with 7%, but less than in Brazil with 10%.

Psssssst :  A third of depressions are due to chronic inflammation

Causes of depression and support materials

The causes of depression are often multiple. Heredity, a personal situation or even neurological disorders are important risk factors. Depression often manifests itself after a negative event such as the loss of a loved one, problems with those around you (eg divorce) or even a difficult financial situation (eg bankruptcy, unemployment).

Sometimes major lifestyle changes like retirement can trigger depression. Chronic diseases, certain medications or drugs are also common causes of this condition.

The treatment of depression requires a medical consultation, the start of psychotherapy (sometimes short with EMDR in particular) and a reform of one’s diet (the Mediterranean diet helps to fight against depression for example. We must not forget that ‘a depressed person is like at the bottom of a hole and will absolutely need help from those around him such as family, friends and especially health professionals.


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