Wellness

Electronic cigarette: higher risk of heart attack, stroke and depression

The electronic cigarette is increasingly used as a substitute for tobacco. As it is of recent use, there are few significant studies on the health hazards. Compared to tobacco, it’s always better, but a first large-scale study warns of the cardiac and depression risks associated with its use.

A first major study on the effect of electronic cigarettes on health will be presented on March 18 at the 68th annual meeting of the American College of Cardiology to be held in New Orleans.

This study shows that those who use electronic cigarettes are significantly more likely to have a heart attack, coronary artery disease and depression compared to those who do not use them.

E-cigarettes have been growing in popularity since their introduction in 2007. They are often touted by some as a safer alternative to smoking tobacco, while others sound the alarm about the explosion of vaping among teens and young people. adults. E-cigarettes are portable, battery-operated devices that mimic the experience of smoking a cigarette. They work by heating e-liquid, which may contain a combination of nicotine, solvent (glycerol, propylene and/or ethylene glycol) and a variety of flavors and other chemicals, to a temperature high enough to create a aerosol which is then inhaled and exhaled.

55% increased risk of heart attack and depression

This study found that e-cigarette users were 56% more likely to have a heart attack and 30% more likely to have a stroke. The risk of coronary heart disease and circulatory problems, including blood clots, was also much higher in those who vaped by 44%. E-cigarette users were also 55% more likely to suffer from depression or anxiety. The study, one of the largest to date, looked at data from a total of 96,467. In their analyses, the researchers looked at rates of high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke, coronary heart disease, diabetes, and depression/anxiety among those who reported e-cigarette use.

The more you vape the greater the risk

The researchers also looked at health outcomes by how often volunteers reported using e-cigarettes, either “daily” or “a few days.” Unsurprisingly, daily e-cigarette users have higher odds of heart attack, coronary heart disease, and depression/anxiety than “occasional” users. Researchers believe this may be due to the diminished toxic effects of e-cigarette use, the early dissipation of toxic effects. One of the reasons for the observed effects would be that some electronic cigarettes contain nicotine and release toxic compounds very similar to tobacco. Nicotine can speed up heart rate and increase blood pressure.

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Source:

American College of Cardiology: https://www.acc.org/about-acc/press-releases/2019/03/07/10/03/ecigarettes-linked-to-heart-attacks-coronary-artery-disease-and -depression

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