With the progress of scientific fields and more precisely of nutrition, the human being quickly understood that he does not eat in the healthiest and most optimal way possible. Much research and recent scientific studies have pointed to the harmfulness of certain meats, particularly red meats, for several reasons, especially since the production and consumption of this type of meat has tripled in the last four decades. In view of this observation, many diets have emerged, others have had a resurgence in popularity, among these food programs we find the Mediterranean diet, the vegetarian diet, veganism. The “flexitarian” diet is a more flexible practice of vegetarianism, hence the name.
The flexitarian diet: good use of a balanced diet
Flexitarianism is a diet that has the simple principle of limiting the consumption of meat and fish while relying on plant products. Dairy products, eggs are however not limited. The meats are only eaten once or twice a week.
The interest of this diet is in response to several studies such as the one conducted by the National Academy of the United States, which found a correlation between a large consumption of red meats and several types of cancer. Indeed, a sugar contained in red meat, called Neu5Gc, would promote the inflammation of organic tissues, therefore the formation and development of cancerous cells. Another harmful aspect, this time published in the journal Cell Metabolism, is a relationship between the consumption of meats and increased hardening of the arteries by inducing the intestine to produce compounds that increase the level of bad cholesterol in the body. blood. This mechanism increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.
After the medical aspect, the environmental side is to be taken into account because the breeding of animals requires a lot of heavy industrial devices between their feeding and their care. But also and above all the emission of greenhouse gases because yes, rumination, excrement and even farts emit methane, cows alone are responsible for 14.5% of greenhouse gas emissions in the world , more than transport!
The flexitarian diet: also a question of ethics
Another argument of the flexitarians: the ethical aspect, vegetarians share this same idea and generally make it their spearhead by saying that intensive animal breeding is carried out with disastrous methods (confinement, crowding during transport, poor nutrition, etc.) .
Between industrialization and overproduction of foodstuffs, it is increasingly difficult to maintain a healthy lifestyle while respecting nature. It is however not rocket science, keep in mind that everything that enters your body will have an impact on you and your environment and try to balance between your needs and those of nature.