Frequent urge to urinate in women: causes and prevention

Urination is the body’s way of getting rid of excess water and waste products. Although an important function for survival, urinating too frequently can negatively affect a woman’s quality of life. Women who have frequent urges to urinate, who don’t sleep through the night, or who refrain from going to certain places for fear of leaking urine, are often familiar to women who have frequent urges to urinate.

Each person may urinate a different number of times per day depending on their water intake and kidney function. The average person should urinate between six and eight times in a 24 hour period. Although a person is likely to urinate more frequently than this from time to time, urinating more than eight times a day may signal a problem with too frequent urination.

Causes and risk factors of frequent smillions

Sometimes frequent urination is caused by drinking too many drinks known to increase urine production or irritate the bladder. These include, for example, excessive consumption of caffeine through coffee, tea and certain soft drinks.

Frequent trips to the bathroom can be caused by a variety of conditions, including excessive caffeine consumption, bladder stones, and UTIs.
However, frequent urination can also be due to a number of medical conditions. Here are some examples:

– bladder stones
– diabetes
– interstitial cystitis, a chronic and inflammatory disease of the bladder
– low estrogen levels
– an overactive bladder
– urinary tract infection
– weakness of the pelvic floor organs
– Obesity is another factor. Being overweight can put extra pressure on the bladder. This can result in weakened pelvic floor muscles and a more frequent need to urinate.

Pregnancy is another risk factor for frequent urination. The growing uterus can put extra pressure on the bladder during pregnancy. Therefore, a woman may need to go to the bathroom more frequently. According to one study, an estimated 41.25% of pregnant women experience an increase in the frequency of urination during pregnancy. Among these women, 68.8% said that this increase in urinary frequency caused them discomfort or distress.

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Menopause can also affect bladder control. When women stop menstruating, their body stops producing estrogen. This hormone can impact the lining of the bladder and urethra. Therefore, a woman may feel the need to urinate more frequently.

Another risk factor for frequent urination is a history of vaginal birth. Childbirth can weaken the pelvic floor muscles that hold the bladder in place.

Sometimes, however, frequent urination can also be due to damage to the nerves in the bladder. A woman may not have problems with bladder control immediately after giving birth, but she may experience symptoms years later.

Symptoms and Complications

Additional symptoms, such as pain or inability to control your bladder, can help the doctor identify the cause of frequent urination. A woman may experience additional symptoms in addition to the frequency of her urination. This may give doctors a clue as to the potential cause of her frequent urination.

Here are some examples:

– a change in the color of the urine, for example red, pink or cola color
– a sudden strong urge to urinate
– difficulty emptying the bladder completely
– leakage of urine or complete loss of bladder control
– pain or burning during urination.
Complications associated with urinary frequency often depend on the underlying cause of the condition. For example, if a woman’s frequent urination is due to a urinary tract infection, she is at risk of a serious, systemic infection if left untreated. This could damage his kidneys and cause a narrowing of the urethra.

If the frequency of urination occurs on its own without any disease that can be treated immediately, it can affect the woman’s quality of life. A woman may not be able to sleep well because she has to wake up so often to go to the bathroom. She may also refrain from attending social events for fear of having to go to the bathroom too frequently.

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All of these complications can affect a woman’s sense of well-being.

When to consult a doctor

Painful urination or pelvic pain are also causes for concern, as is frequent urination. A woman should also see her doctor whenever she experiences symptoms that make her uncomfortable or affect her quality of life. Often there are medical and lifestyle ways to treat frequent urination so that a woman does not have to suffer from these symptoms.

How is frequent urination diagnosed?

A doctor will begin to diagnose potential underlying causes of frequent urination by asking about the woman’s medical history.

Here are some examples of such questions:

When did you notice the start of your symptoms?
What makes your symptoms worse? Does anything improve them?
What medications are you currently taking?
What is your average daily food and drink intake?
Do you have any symptoms when you urinate, such as pain, burning, or the feeling that you are not emptying your bladder completely?

Your doctor may take a urine sample for evaluation. A lab can identify the presence of white or red blood cells as well as other compounds that should not be present in urine and could indicate an underlying infection. Other tests may include cystometry, or measuring the pressure in the bladder, or cystoscopy, which involves using special instruments to examine the inside of the urethra and bladder.

Treatment and prevention of frequent urination

If a urinary tract infection is causing a woman to urinate frequently, taking antibiotics to treat the infection may help.

Lifestyle changes, such as avoiding coffee and other caffeinated beverages, can help reduce the frequency of bathroom visits.
Here are other treatments and preventative techniques for frequent urination that is not due to an infection:

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– Lifestyle changes: Avoiding foods and drinks known to irritate the bladder can help a woman experience fewer episodes of frequent urination. For example, avoid caffeine, alcohol, carbonated drinks, chocolate, artificial sweeteners, spicy foods, and tomato-based foods.

– Adjust fluid consumption habits: Avoiding drinking too much water before bedtime can reduce the likelihood of waking up at night to go to the bathroom, for example.

– Bladder retraining: Bladder retraining is another method to reduce the number of times a woman goes to the toilet per day. To do this, she will have to urinate on a regular schedule instead of always waiting for her to feel the urge to urinate.

In addition to these methods, doctors may prescribe medications that reduce bladder spasms and encourage bladder relaxation. This has the effect of reducing the desire to go to the bathroom.


Bladder training. (nd) Retrieved from

Cardoza, L., & Robinson, D. (2002, November). Special considerations in premenopausal and postmenopausal women with symptoms of overactive bladder [Abstract]. Urology, 60(5), 64-71

Franco, E., Pares, D., Colomé, NL, Paredes, JRM, & Tardiu, LA (2014, November). Urinary incontinence during pregnancy. Is there a difference between first and third trimester [Abstract]? European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 182, 86-90

Urinary and Kidney Team. (2016, March 1). What your bladder is trying to tell you about your health


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