The treatment of gastroenteritis is mainly dietary: hydration, compensation for loss of mineral salts, specific diet, with some secrets of natural medicine to accelerate the disappearance of symptoms.
The first thing to do at the first symptoms of gastroenteritis is to drink a lot, for example broths or herbal teas made from medicinal plants.
In older children and adults, viral gastroenteritis can generally be treated by self-medication, there are no particular risks, for example with anti-diarrheals, remedies based on milk bacteria, etc.
After having a bowel movement such as diarrhea or after vomiting, it takes about 15 minutes before eating or drinking anything. The goal is to let the stomach rest for a while.
It can be beneficial to treat yourself with medicinal plants or natural remedies, in particular plants rich in tannins such as black tea (leave to infuse well for fifteen minutes to guarantee a high tannin content).
Rice water is an often recommended natural remedy for gastroenteritis and diarrhea. In addition, a yogurt-based diet is a good measure to treat a “gastro”. During the first hours of gastroenteritis (approx. 12 hours for viral gastroenteritis), stay at rest and lie down. To avoid feeling dizzy or nauseous, try to get up as little as possible.
A study carried out by the University of Arizona (United States) showed that the essential oil of oregano, rich in carvacrol, made it possible to disinfect objects, surfaces, food and drinks contaminated with norovirus, a very common cause. frequent outbreak of gastroenteritis.
For oregano essential oil to be effective, it must be combined with another disinfectant. The advantage over conventional products currently used is that this essential oil could lead to less resistance from the virus and prove to be less toxic.
Food during gastroenteritis
– In the event of gastroenteritis of bacterial origin, it is advisable to eat foods that help rebuild the intestinal flora (microbiota), for example by consuming yogurts or probiotics.
– Divide meals into smaller doses (so that gastric emptying is smaller). Avoid eating if nausea returns.
– A diet rich in rice, for example based on rice water, can slow transit and therefore reduce diarrhea (an important symptom of gastroenteritis).
– During diarrhea, meals high in fat (eg pizza), too sweet, dairy products, raw fruits and vegetables and coffee should be avoided. You should also know that juices such as orange juice can irritate the intestines and make diarrhea worse.
Diet after acute diarrhea
When diarrhea becomes less frequent, it is possible to eat raw bananas or apples, mashed if possible. Then gradually start eating rice, potatoes, etc. This diet should be followed for about 48 hours after the diarrhea stops or when it becomes less frequent. Once all the symptoms are gone, especially the feces coming back solid, you can start eating normally again.
You should know that rice, bananas, applesauce and toast (toast) can help with diarrhea because of the low fiber content of these foods. This helps in the formation of less watery and harder stools. The banana which is rich in potassium can also help to replace lost nutrients.