How to practice biofeedback? What is the principle ?

A word of English origin, biofeedback means feedback or feedback. Specialists also call it “biological feedback” or “biological feedback”. It brings together techniques relating in particular to bioelectricity to ensure the measurement of organic activities. It teaches us to control our physiological processes (take control of our body). Indeed, with biofeedback, voluntarily or involuntarily, the patient must manage to control his measured bodily functions. The technique is mainly based on visualization and is only carried out with a health professional.

Where does the technique of biofeedback come from?

For the first time, the term ” biofeedback around 1969. But the experiments related to this practice already dated back to around the 1960s. During these various experiments, specialists obtained devices that capture brain waves. They had discovered that the subjects of the experiment were themselves able to generate alpha waves. These people are thus subsequently able to emerge at will in a state of deep relaxation. At that time, researchers mainly used electroencephalogram or EEG biofeedback and electromyogram or EMG biofeedback. But apart from these two types of biofeedback, there are essentially 4 other forms. These are EDG (electrodermographic), TEMP (thermographic), HEG (hemoencephalographic) and ECG (electrocardiographic). All this aims to measure physiological responses associated with various diseases.

Nowadays, only medical specialists and psychologists use this technique. Guidance counsellors, physiotherapists and health professionals medicine athletic also integrate this discipline into their practice.

Proposal of care with the technique of biofeedback

Biofeedback emphasizes the protection of our organism, the maintenance of our health and the strengthening mental balance. Through relaxation methods, it allows the elimination of unpleasant or painful sensations and above all reduces stress.

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It can complement the care of different pathologies: tinnitus, migraines, fibromyalgia, chronic constipation, faecal incontinence or anxiety. Additionally, it can cure headaches, sleep disorders, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It also improves the heart health.

Performing a session: how often

Biofeedback can be carried out in a calm, serene and restful setting (in a lying or sitting position). If necessary, patients can even enjoy largely soft and relaxing music. Participants focus on auditory or visual signals that are transmitted by sensors placed in certain strategic areas of their body. Depending on the data that the machine communicates to the patient, the attendant helps him to become aware of all his physiological responses. Everything is at stake: nervous tension, muscle resistance, heart rate, body temperature, and breathing. The sessions are spread over a fairly long period, that is to say, 4 to 40 sessions of 40 minutes to 1 hour.


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