Acne does not only appear at puberty, many adult women suffer from this problem, which is considered a pathology in its own right. This skin disease which manifests itself by an eruption of pimples on the face is caused by an excess of sebum, produced by the sebaceous glands when these are too active. This overproduction leads to clogging of pores and thus promotes the development of bacteria that cause acne.
Here’s what you need to know about acne in adult women.
There are no exact causes established, but it is observed that acne in adulthood affects the West more. According to the American Prevention magazine of November 2019, approximately 50% of women in the United States suffer from acne between the ages of 20 and 30. Even if there is no very precise explanation to understand this phenomenon, it is known that many factors such as diet, stress, the use of cosmetic products, genetic factors and pollution favor the appearance and the persistence of adult acne.
In adult women, acne can appear with menstruation or be linked to the menstrual cycle, but this is not always the case. In their forties, 26% of American women say they suffer from acne while in their fifties, they are 15% to know this problem, proof that hormones can play an important role. To note that acne in adult women is also known as hormonal acne. It is also possible that acne occurs for the first time during menopause or during pregnancy when a stronger secretion of progesterone and estrogen is at the origin of an excess production of sebum. .
To limit the outbreak of acne, it is advisable to favor foods with a low glycemic index (GI) such as vegetables, whole grains, nuts or legumes. Also, avoid sugary drinks including fruit juices with added sugar. Oily dried fruits such as Brazil nuts or pistachios are also rich in vitamin E and contain vitamins A and C and zinc, which helps revitalize the skin and reduce the risk of inflammation.
Many studies show the link between smoking and acne. Smokers are therefore more susceptible than non-smokers. In addition, it would be more difficult to treat smokers, because tobacco tends to thicken the surface layer of the epidermis. In case of infection, healing is also slower. Indeed, nicotine could slow down the transport of repairing molecules by limiting the influx of blood.
There are certain precautions to take to limit the appearance of acne. The first preventive measure to adopt is to never pop the pimples. This simply risks encouraging the appearance of other pimples and leaving unsightly indelible scars. The best is to touch as little as possible, but to simply clean and apply the recommended treatment to the affected areas. Exposure to the sun should also be avoided as much as possible without the use of suitable sun protection.