How to take advantage of the healing properties of elderberry?

Elderberry is a shrub whose fragrant flower gives fruit in red and/or black clusters. The species of most interest to herbalists is the black elderberry. The latter, by its scientific name Sambucus nigra, has many medicinal properties. All parts of the plant (bark, leaves, flowers and berries) contain active components which each act on the organism. The flowers are rich in essential oil. The fruits are composed of flavonoids, tannins, citric and malic acid as well as a more or less high quantity of vitamins A, C, B2, B6 and B9. The bark, meanwhile, contains hydrocyanic acid.

Medicinal properties

Elderberry is indicated in the treatment of breathing difficulties such as the flu, rhinitis, cough, catarrh or even bronchitis. It helps relieve flu symptoms and can lower fever by promoting sweating. In the digestive system, it helps prevent bloating, flatulence and indigestion.

This plant is also recommended for treat infections and skin lesions. It is particularly effective in cases of hemorrhoids, minor burns and eczema.

In addition, the berries help soothe the symptoms of pathologies attacking the joints. By way of example, mention may be made of arthritis, rheumatism or osteoarthritis.

In addition, in addition to a healthy and balanced diet, the fruits of this plant represent a major asset in eliminating excess pounds. Its purifying action improves the evacuation of toxins and waste from the body. They also reduce the level of lipids in the blood in case of hyperlipemia.

Finally, elderberry contributes to the maintenance of oral-pharyngeal health. It soothes gum inflammation and mouth irritation.

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Pharmaceutical forms

In herbal medicine, elderberry is found in the form of:

  • Herbal tea, infusion or decoction
  • Juice
  • Syrup
  • Mother tincture
  • Capsule, ampule or tablet
  • Cream
  • Poultice

Recommendations for use and dosage

Whatever the form used, it is recommended not to exceed the daily dose of 500 mg of dry extracts.

  • Tisane: infuse for 10 minutes 1 or 2 teaspoons of dried flowers in a cup of boiling water. Drink up to 6 cups a day.
  • Syrup: 4 doses of 15 ml per day
  • capsule: 2 to 4 capsules per day
  • Mother tincture: 5 to 15 drops per day for adults
  • Decoction : add 1 teaspoon of dried berries in boiling water. Let stand then once cooled, this preparation can be applied as a poultice to relieve joint pain. As a gargle, it helps maintain oral hygiene.

Precaution for use

There are several species of elderberry. Therefore, it is important not to confuse black elderberry with other species which are often poisonous.

It should be noted that the consumption of this plant is prohibited for pregnant, lactating women, people with diabetes and children under 12 years of age.

Furthermore, an overdose may cause dizziness, vomiting and gastric pain.


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