The fact of calculating obesity using the body mass index (BMI) is not sufficient to be able to apprehend the medical risks that can occur in obese people. To have a fairer view of these risks, the medical profession must study the distribution of fat on the body. Are you overweight?
Your fats are mainly located in the lower region of your body? You may be a victim of gynoid obesity. To avoid the medical complications linked to this condition and to lose weight more effectively, it is essential to understand its origin. But also, the health risks, as well as the most effective treatments.
What is gynoid obesity?
Obesity is said to be of the gynoid type when fat is mainly concentrated in the thighs and buttocks. The fats are thus distributed over the body in a “pear” shape. In order to know if a person has gynoid obesity, it will be necessary to calculate the Waist/Hip ratio. This ratio can be calculated simply by dividing the waist circumference by the hip circumference. This type of obesity is defined by a waist/hip ratio of less than 0.80.
Gynoid-type obesity in women
This form of obesity is very common in women (notion of saddlebags) and most often occurs before menopause. Indeed, the latter is accompanied by a reduction in the secretion of female hormones, which will cause theobesity from a gynoid to android type, in a progressive way.
Gynoid-type obesity in men
As in the case of women, the location of fats is influenced by hormones, more particularly sex hormones (testosterone for men and estrogen for women). In case of lack of testosterone, man can rarely develop gynoid type obesity.
What are the risks ?
According to doctors, excess fat is more dangerous when it is in the abdomen, rather than on the buttocks or thighs. People with gynoid obesity are less likely to develop metabolic problem or cardiovascular compared to people who suffer from android obesity. Moreover, gynoid-type obesity is rarely complicated by cardiovascular disease or diabetes. However, it is more difficult to fight than android obesity. The main risks relate to:
- Respiratory problems;
- Venous insufficiencies;
- Osteoarthritis of the knees and hips.
Origins and causes
This type of obesity does not originate from excessive greediness or a lack of willpower. Indeed, the causes are multifactorial and very complex. Indeed, it may be due to:
- Hereditary factors (you multiply the risks if one or both of your parents are obese);
- Genetic factors (Bardet-Bield syndrome);
- Physical inactivity ;
- Smoking cessation;
- Agri-food factors (increased portions, energy foods, fast foods, etc.);
- Stress at work;
- Psychological problems such as depression;
- Cultural factors (modification of our contribution to the body, advertising);
- Urban factors (transport, land use planning, presence of cycle paths);
- Endocrine disorders (Cushing’s syndrome);
The list of causes is long, but only consulting a specialist will provide the appropriate answers. In a more “simplistic” way, gynoid obesity is the result of a daily calorie intake greater than the needs of the affected individual. Thus, the body stores “excess” energy in the form of fat. If this situation continues for a long time, obesity will gain ground and settle in the patient’s body.
What are the treatments ?
Whether android or gynoid, obesity is a complex disease that requires comprehensive management, as well as medical monitoring. Treatment for obesity should always start with a visit to a GP. The latter will then accurately diagnose the effect of this disease on the patient’s health.
- Avoid snacking and deviations from the course during the day (meals with too many calories);
- Establish a low calorie diet (reduce caloric intake while respecting a balance between lipids, carbohydrates and proteins).
Increase in physical activity
- Regularly practice a physical activity (not necessarily intensive) helps the body burn more calories during the day;
- The simple fact of walking 15 to 30 minutes a day can already provide very interesting benefits.
The fight against obesity is a long-term fight. To put the odds on your side, it can also be useful to have psychological support. In particular, you will be able to participate in discussion groups concerning obesity or even be accompanied by a psychologist specializing in behavioral therapy.
Gynoid obesity is mainly localized in the lower part of the body. Its causes can be diverse, which makes it a difficult disease to fight. Currently, there are many treatments available to you to combat this disease, starting with changing your lifestyle.