How to use ficaria in a therapeutic setting?

The ficaire is a small herbaceous plant which generally develops from the month of March. It is found in abundance in Europe, North Africa and western parts of Asia. It grows mainly in humid regions. Its heart-shaped leaves are shiny and its flowers are bright yellow.

Its roots, on the other hand, take the form of an elongated tuber and generally resemble figs. It belongs to the Ranunculaceae family and its scientific name is Ficaria verna or Ficaria ranunculoides or Ranunculus ficaria. It is also known as buttercup, hemorrhoid grass, fic grass or even small lightning.

In natural medicine, we mainly use the root and sometimes the leaves. This plant contains quercetin, rutin, protoanemonin, saponins, tannins and vitamin C.

Main indications in natural medicine

As its vernacular name suggests, hemorrhoid grass helps to treat hemorrhoids. In addition, it is used to treat other types of circulatory disorders, namely: hemorrhages and venous ectasia (abnormal dilation of the vein walls with formation of oedemas). This plant also helps relieve the feeling of heavy legs.

In addition, thanks to its richness in vitamin C, the ficaire prevents scurvy. The latter refers to diseases caused by a deficiency or deficiency in vitamin C.

This plant also helps to remove warts.

Galenic forms available

In herbal medicinewe find the ficaria in the form of herbal tea or decoction, cream, gel, ointment and mother tincture.

Recommendations for use and dosage

  • Decoction: Bring 15 g of fig root to the boil with 1 liter of water. Simmer over low heat for 2 minutes then infuse for another 5 minutes. Filter and let cool. This preparation can be applied as a poultice to treat anal ailments.
  • Ointment: melt 500 g of petroleum jelly in a bain-marie, add 60 g of finely chopped dried leaves. Stir the mixture for 15 minutes then strain and let cool. Apply the preparation to the parts to be treated 3 times a day.
  • Cream: 2 applications per day on the affected parts.
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Contraindications and grounds for caution

Figwort is a poisonous plant. Brushing against crushed leaves can lead to more or less serious skin inflammation, ranging from irritation to the appearance of blisters. In addition, its ingestion can lead to nausea, heartburn, mouth irritation, spasms, dizziness and even paralysis. Therefore, oral administration should be avoided.

In addition, some preparations based on this medicinal plant are not suitable for pregnant and breastfeeding women. In any case, before each cure, it is better to plan a consultation with a health professional in order to avoid possible side effects.


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