09The American journalist Mark Bittman denounced the excessive consumption of meat in the 1990s. He supported his point of view by producing numerous books on the subject. It thus inspired the flexitarian trend. The flexitarian diet was then adopted in the United States to spread throughout the world.
Basic concepts of the flexitarian diet
Despite some similarity to vegetarianism, flexitarian diet is distinguished by the presence of meat. It insists rather on the quality of the food.
- A diet without exclusion
This food mode does not present any particular requirement. It is not a dietary rule strict. The weightloss is not one of its objectives. It aims for a qualitative and less quantitative evolution of food.
- A reduction in animal protein
This diet is known as semi-vegetarianism. This is due to the decrease in the amount of meat and fish. Followers are entitled to one or two servings of meat per week. They consume the same amount of fish. On the other hand, the concept recommends an increase in the daily consumption of fruits and vegetables.
In terms of nutritional quality, foods from intensive production have a fairly low index. They often display a poor omega 3 to omega 6 ratio. flexitarian diet directs consumers towards butcher’s meat rather than supermarket meat. It encourages the purchase of natural seasonal fruits and vegetables. He thus advises against those who find themselves permanently on the market. These come from industrial farm productions. It also bans all forms of processed foods.
The limiting the consumption of animal protein can induce certain deficiencies. This may concern the blood level of vitamin B 12, zinc or iron as well as essential amino acids. Although authorized for all people, the flexitarian diet may be contraindicated for certain categories. The growth of newborns and children requires a significant supply of protein. Similarly, pregnant women and convalescents must consume it to ensure their recovery.
Benefits of flexitarianism
The reduction in meat consumption reduces the risk of digestive disorders. The diet preserves in particular colon cancer. It also banishes excess fat liable to cause circulatory and cardiac disorders.
Adopting flexitarianism can be a transitional step towards vegetarianism.
The major drawback of this type of plan is the organization. The way of life in general will be turned upside down: shopping, organizing and preparing meals and storing them. But just get used to it, you may even appreciate the savings you make. As a reminder, the recommendation is to consume locally. At first, it will be difficult to become familiar with these new practices, which require time and patience, and even financial investment. But in the long term, the result is quickly palpable.