Insolation, heat stroke: what to do in an emergency to relieve the symptoms?

Beautiful days are coming. Long days in the sun too. For the most imprudent, it will be sunburn, for the less fortunate it will be sunstroke or sunburn. This fairly common condition is to be taken seriously right away because the situation can really degenerate in certain fragile people.

As a reminder, sunstroke is heatstroke caused by too long exposure to the sun. It can lead to an increase in body temperature that can exceed 40°C, this is called hyperthermia. The body can no longer maintain a normal internal temperature of 37°C. The body can no longer sweat in order to lower this temperature, the skin becomes dry and hot while the subject begins to experience headaches. The practice of intense physical activity can cause heat stroke. Indeed, during the effort, the body produces heat in large quantities and if the sportsman does not drink enough water to compensate for the losses related to sweating, he risks hyperthermia associated with dehydration. Drinking alcohol increases the risk of sunstroke. Other causes can increase the risk of sunstroke, such as wearing certain clothes that block perspiration or taking certain medications (vasoconstrictors, diuretics, antidepressants, medications used during hyperactivity).

Sunstroke Symptoms: How to Recognize It

There are many symptoms of sunstroke, but the most common are a rise in body temperature and dry skin that immediately becomes hot. It can be accompanied by stiffness in the neck as well as feelings of heat in the face. The subject may experience headaches and want to vomit. His breathing becomes faster, jerky and he may have ringing in his ears or even be on the verge of fainting. His heart rate may rise or on the contrary slow down and he may experience a feeling of oppression in the chest. The patient may also suffer from mental disorders such as confusion, agitation or in severe cases a coma. Sunstroke (heat stroke) requires urgent treatment.

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The first steps to take to relieve sunstroke

The primary goal of treating sunstroke is to lower body temperature. It is important to put the subject in the shade, strip it and cool it. He should drink small amounts of water regularly. If necessary, it can be put under a cool shower. However, water that is too cold must be avoided, as this risks creating a thermal shock. If a shower is not available, the subject’s skin should be thoroughly wetted periodically and allowed to dry without wiping. Thus, the water will evaporate on contact with the heat of the skin and the body will gradually cool down. Attention, it is forbidden to give paracetamol and aspirin in case of sunstroke. Indeed, they do not act on the fever, but on the contrary deteriorate its condition. Aspirin can cause disorders in the blood circulation while paracetamol will attack the liver already in bad shape by the heat. In any case, do not hesitate to seek medical emergency service if symptoms persist or worsen.

In addition

Please note that these are complementary therapies, always consult a doctor in the event of severe sunstroke.

Take 4-5 green cabbage leaves and mash the main rib of each with a bottle so that the juice comes out. Apply the leaves in helmet on the skull and on the nape of the neck for at least 4 hours. You can also spread a green clay poultice on the skin. To prepare it, mix 4 tablespoons of green clay with cold water until a thick paste forms. Apply it to the skin, the water and the clay will absorb some of the excess heat. You can keep for 30 minutes.

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