Some of the most common side effects of menopause such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness, sleep disturbances, joint and muscle pain, fatigue, irritability, anxiety or depression can be reduced with fennel.
The use of alternative and complementary medicine treatments for the management of menopausal symptoms has surged in recent years with the goal for menopausal or post-menopausal women to find alternatives to hormone therapies. Although these treatments based on hormones such as estrogen or its derivatives are often effective, they can sometimes lead to serious side effects or complications. This medicinal plant, fennel (Foeniculum vulgare L.) is mainly used in case of digestive disorders and painful periods. But a study confirms that fennel is also effective in managing post-menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes, sleep disturbances, vaginal dryness and anxiety.
A plant rich in phytoestrogens
Several medicinal plants such as cimicifuga or sage are currently used to combat the typical symptoms of (post)menopause. Fennel, with so-called phytoestrogenic properties, is also indicated for menopausal disorders. Phytoestrogens are estrogen-like chemicals found in plants that have been used to effectively treat many symptoms of menopause.
In this study, 79 women between the ages of 45 and 60 took 1 capsule containing 100 mg of fennel twice a day for 8 weeks. The improvements were compared between the fennel group and a control group (placebo) 4, 8 and 10 weeks after the start of treatment with significant differences. In the end, the scientists concluded that fennel was safe and effective in reducing menopausal symptoms without the serious side effects that sometimes occur with hormone therapy. This study is one of the first clinical studies to investigate the benefits of fennel for the management of (post)menopausal symptoms, even though this herb had been previously studied and confirmed to be effective in managing pre-menopausal symptoms. menopause.
Rahimikian, Fatemeh MSc: “Effect of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. fennel on menopausal symptoms in postmenopausal women: a randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled trial”. Menopause. doi: 10.1097/GME.0000000000000881