Menopause affects all women, usually after 50 years. The typical symptoms of menopause vary from one woman to another, being very severe or, on the contrary, for the lucky ones, almost non-existent. From a physiological point of view, menopause is characterized by a reduction in the secretion of the sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone.
The first sign of menopause is the absence of menstruation for at least 12 consecutive months. After this transition period, the woman’s body goes through various changes often characterized by weight gain, an increased risk of suffering from osteoporosis, vaginal dryness and for some women a symptom that can be very painful, the famous puffs. heat.
The vast majority of women experience at least one of these symptoms, including weight gain. Hot flashes often occur in the evening or at night and are accompanied by intense sweating, followed by chills.
Decreased caloric intake, increased physical activity
A study published in the international scientific journal Menopause showed that weight loss during menopause reduces hot flashes. The study was carried out with 40 women suffering from overweight and obesity having at least 4 episodes of hot flashes per day.
A portion of the participants were randomly placed on a weight reduction program, including a decrease in calorie intake, an increase in physical activity and group sessions to stimulate continuation of this program. This group was compared to a control group, which did not participate in the weight reduction program.
The greater the weight loss, the more the hot flashes decrease.
The results showed that the women who participated in the weight reduction program had fewer episodes of severe hot flashes. Additionally, the study concluded that the greater the weight loss, the greater the reduction in hot flashes.
Although this study involved a small number of women, the results seem to indicate a possible alternative and complementary therapy to conventional treatments such as hormone replacement therapy.
Physical activity, vitamins, low dietary fat
To reduce the symptoms of menopause, doctors recommend regular physical exercise and maintaining a healthy diet, rich in vitamins, calcium and low in fat. Eating fish regularly is also recommended.