Music before an operation: less anxiety before the operation, less pain after

Listening to music before, during or after surgery has a beneficial effect on patients, says a study published in the British medical journal The Lancet. Music, whatever it is, reduces anxiety before the procedure and pain after the operation, while facilitating recovery.

A team of British researchers reviewed 72 surveys involving a total of 7,000 people. The effect on pre-surgery anxiety and post-surgery pain is noticeable whether the music was heard before, during or after surgery, however with an advantage for music heard before surgery. intervention.

All the music tested (more than 4000 titles in total) proved to be effective, even if the authors note an increased benefit, but “not significant” for the pieces chosen by the patient. The effect was also seen under general anesthesia but was somewhat greater when patients were conscious during the procedure. Music has also reduced the need for pain medication. However, it did not reduce the length of hospital stay for patients.

Less pain, free: music has its place in the operating theater

Dr Catherine Meads of Brunel University (UK), who led the study, explained that the reduction in pain was around one-fifth on the pain scale which ranges from 0 to 10, or a “clinically significant” reduction. For her, “music is a non-invasive, safe and inexpensive means that should be available to anyone undergoing surgery”.

She adds that patients should in the future be allowed to choose the type of music they wish to hear, but she agrees that provisions must be made to prevent it from interfering with communication between members of the hospital. ‘Medical team.

Lowering blood pressure in hypertensive patients

Dr. Paul Glasziou of Bond University in Australia; himself author of a study on music when hospitals also appeared in the Lancet, notes that the conclusions of the study join tests already carried out on patients under artificial ventilation or hypertensive whose symptoms have decreased in intensity under the music effect.

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Hole J: Music as an aid for postoperative recovery in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.Lancet. 24;386(10004):1659-71. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60169-6.

Paul Glasziou: Music in hospital. Lancet DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60640-7


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