Wellness

Pesticides: ANSES warns of their misuse

ANSES has just published the Pesti’home study. This is a study aimed at gaining a better understanding of the practices and uses of pesticides by the French at home, in homes, gardens or even to treat pets. This study provides a comprehensive overview of pesticide products used at home, the conditions of use as well as user profiles. For this study, 1500 households were interviewed and more than 5400 products identified.

Pesticides include different types of products used to fight against organisms considered harmful: fungi, insects, mites, rodents, weeds, etc.

The Pesti’home study takes into account the products available for sale to individuals: those used to protect indoor and outdoor plants, biocidal products used at home to fight against insects, rodents or wood parasites and molds, and human and veterinary antiparasitic drugs against lice, fleas, ticks, etc.

The product most used by individuals: pesticides

The Pesti’home study shows that the most widely used products are insecticides: 84% of households that used pesticides used insecticides during the year. These are mainly biocides used against flying insects (40% of households) and crawling insects (28%), and veterinary drugs to control pet parasites (61% of households with a pet). Half of insecticide users use it at least 3 times a year.

Next come herbicides and products against outdoor plant diseases, used respectively by 22% and 20% of households with an outdoor space: garden, terrace, balcony. Herbicides are used at least twice a year by half of the users, as are fungicides. Finally, human skin repellents, such as mosquito repellents, used by 12% of users with significant frequency: at least 6 uses per year for half of households and more than 25 times per year for a quarter of households.

Individuals must better protect themselves when using chemicals

The first lesson of the Pesti’home study concerns the precautions for using pesticides at home, clearly not sufficiently known and therefore followed. For example, about a third of households never read the indications on the packaging of anti-mites and anti-rodent products and a quarter of them never read them for products against flying and crawling insects. On the other hand, if the precautions for use are followed by the majority of households when they use products to treat outdoor plants (70%) or anti-lice products (68%), they are only 29% respect them when using repellents, and 36% for products against flying insects.

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Read the instructions, use gloves and ventilate well

ANSES stresses the need to better inform the general public about the conditions for using pesticides at home, for all products and uses combined. It is essential to read the recommendations on the packaging or instructions and to follow them carefully, for example by ensuring, for example, if it is indicated, the wearing of gloves or the ventilation of the room where the product has been used. For veterinary antiparasitics sold in pharmacies or by veterinarians, ANSES recommends that professionals clearly explain the conditions of application given in the package leaflet.

Be careful not to throw the products anywhere

Pesti’home also shows that users do not know enough how to get rid of products. For example, 60% of households throw their unused products in the trash and only 31% put them in the recycling center. On the other hand, more than a quarter of households had in their stock at least one plant protection product prohibited from sale. For ANSES, it is therefore important that the public authorities and local authorities disseminate information and practical advice on how to eliminate products, whether old, used or prohibited. The Agency thus recalls that it is recommended not to throw them in the trash or empty them in the sink but to deposit them in the recycling center or in the place provided by the town hall, the community of municipalities or agglomeration. .

Source:
https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/2019Pestihome.pdf

[HighProtein-Foods.com]

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