Rules: 5 reasons that can explain their delay

A late period is not always synonymous with pregnancy. There are many other causes such as age, particularly physical fatigue, stress or poor diet that can disrupt the onset of periods.

  • Excess physical activity
  • When the body is highly stressed, it puts itself in a defensive position. The body thus prevents ovulation from taking place by keeping estrogen low. This is why periods are often delayed when top athletes train intensively for competition. They eventually reappear when fatigue subsides.

  • An eating disorder or weight change
  • An eating disorder can be the cause of late menstruation. If you change your diet or if your diet is unbalanced and deficient, it can disrupt the menstrual cycle. It is also common to have a late period in case of significant weight gain or weight loss. It is the same in case of anorexia or bulimia.

  • The stress
  • Severe stress sometimes causes hypothalamic amenorrhea. Indeed, it is the hypothalamus that dictates the secretion of hormones that regulate menstruation, yet this part of the brain is particularly sensitive to stress. If you are going through a stressful situation such as the loss of a loved one, a breakup (heartache), loss of a job, etc., the period may be slow to appear. When the stressful situation is overcome, the hypothalamus no longer feels “attacked”, the secretion of hormones regulating menstruation returns to normal and menstruation is no longer disturbed.

  • Ovarian pathologies and thyroid disorders
  • Certain pathologies can lead to a menstruation disorder. This is the case, for example, of polycystic ovary syndrome or Stein-Leventhal syndrome (PCOS), which leads to a hormonal imbalance, following a lack of ovulation. In people with this syndrome, the levels of estrogen, testosterone and progesterone are altered, which can lead either to an irregularity of the cycles, or to their total cessation. Thyroid disorder can also cause a delay in menstruation. The thyroid gland, located in the neck, is the place that allows the body to function harmoniously. It is, in fact, related to most of the systems of our body. A thyroid disorder is often manifested by hair growth on the chest and face, fertility problems and weight loss. Once the thyroid imbalance is treated, the late period corrects itself.

  • Contraception
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    The delay in menstruation can sometimes be explained by the use of contraception. Some low-dose pills, especially the morning after pill, can cause an absence of menstruation. The same phenomenon also occurs with other means of contraception such as the IUD, injections or implants. This absence of menstruation does not present any particular danger to health. Menstruation returns on its own after a few months.


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