FAQ

Sepsis: knowing how to recognize the symptoms

Sepsis is an extreme response to an infection already present in your body. The result is a medical emergency versus a deadly chain reaction. 80% of cases of sepsis start in the population and not in the hospital. The most common types of infections causing sepsis and/or sepsis shock are respiratory or urinary tract infections. However, sepsis can also develop from an infected cut or scrape. The term sepsis does not describe an infection, bacteria or virus. It is caused by a reaction of your body’s immune system. When it begins to fight an infection, or by toxins released by a bacterial infection. This leads to a disruption of the immune system, which then attacks healthy tissue.

Inflammation can puncture blood vessels or form blood clots, which disrupt blood flow and deprive your organs of nutrients and oxygen. In other words, sepsis is a deadly response to an infection, which kills and incapacitates millions of people and which must be detected and treated quickly to lead to a cure. If this process leads to septic shock, blood pressure drops, making the transport of oxygen and nutrients through your body nearly impossible. If you’ve had sepsis once in your life, you’re more likely to develop it in the future.

Symptoms of sepsis

One of the most important steps in protecting your health is to recognize the symptoms of sepsis and seek medical help immediately. It is important not to make a diagnosis at home, but to communicate your concerns to a medical professional, who can start treatment immediately. The signs of sepsis can be subtle and confused with other illnesses.
However, sepsis often causes:

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– High fever with chills and shivering
– Acceleration of heart rate, tachycardia
– Acceleration of respiratory rate, tachypnea
– Unusual level of sweating
– Stun
– Confusion or disorientation
– Speech disorders
– Diarrhea, nausea and vomiting
– Difficulty breathing, shortness of breath
– Severe muscle pain
– Cold and clammy skin

Many of these symptoms can be mistaken for a bad flu or cold. On the other hand, they are developing much faster than expected and do not seem to be improving.

Memorize TIME to spot the main signs

Use the acronym TIME to remind yourself of the most common symptoms:
T — Temperature higher or lower than usual
I — Are you now or recently showing signs of Infection?
M — Have you noticed any Mental changes, such as confusion or excessive fatigue?
E — Do you feel a sharp pain or do you have the impression of “being in the process of dying”?

Some people recover completely from sepsis, but for many the problems don’t stop when they leave the hospital. Survivors may suffer consequences for the rest of their lives. With their weakened physical, emotional and mental capacities. The combination of symptoms is called post-skeptic syndrome and usually lasts between 6 to 18 months.

* Presse Santé strives to transmit medical knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE can the information given replace medical advice. [HighProtein-Foods.com]

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