Stroke: 7 prevention measures to reduce the risk of stroke by 90%

The cerebrovascular accident (CVA) strikes around 150,000 French people every year and causes the death of around 40,000 people. Women are always more affected by this condition and suffer more during the recovery phase.

The stroke can present different symptoms such as blurred vision, paralysis of the face, dizziness, falling, violent headaches, pain or tingling in the arm, inertia of a limb, difficulty to express themselves and understand, difficulty in swallowing, etc. Women often have less specific stroke symptoms, such as headache or dizziness, than men. These manifest more obvious symptoms with, for example, pain or inertia in the arm.

10 risk factors responsible for 90% of stroke cases

A study published in the renowned scientific journal The Lancet showed that 10 modifiable risk factors were responsible for 90% of stroke cases globally. The 10 risk factors for stroke were: high blood pressure, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, obesity, smoking, heart disease, diabetes, alcohol, stress, and high cholesterol.

Here are the 7 main scientifically proven tips that will help you prevent the risk of stroke

  • Control your blood pressure and lower it.
  • Hypertension is by far the most important modifiable risk factor for preventing stroke. It is absolutely essential to measure your blood pressure regularly (at least once a year, more in hypertensive patients) and in the event of hypertension to seek treatment quickly. Hypertension was responsible for 47.9% of stroke cases according to the study published in The Lancet.

  • Exercise regularly.
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    An activity of at least 30 minutes a day, for example walking, is the basis of a healthy life. Then, it will still be necessary to practice physical activity 2 to 3 times a week, combining cardiovascular activity, flexibility and endurance. This allows in particular to reduce weight gain, a very important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases such as stroke.

    Physical inactivity is responsible for 35.8% of stroke cases.

  • Watch out for diabetes and hypercholesterolemia.
  • It is important to measure and control the level of blood sugar and cholesterol in the blood to prevent the onset of stroke. A regular check-up with the doctor is essential. In the study published by The Lancet, diabetes was responsible for 3.9% of stroke cases and hypercholesterolemia for 26.8% of cases.

  • Eat healthy and try to lose weight (watch out for obesity).
  • A balanced diet is very effective in preventing stroke, think of sufficient hydration, with regular intakes of dietary fiber, protein and fat in adequate proportions. Overconsumption of fat will be poorly eliminated by the body and will result in a possible onset of hypercholesterolemia. Avoid consuming sweets (candy, sugary drinks) and favor fruits and vegetables as well as omega-3s (found in olive oil and freshwater fish especially).

    In the study published in The Lancet, poor diet was responsible for 23.2% of stroke cases.

  • Cure heart diseases like arrhythmia.
  • The study also warns against certain heart diseases such as cardiac arrhythmia which increase the risk of stroke, in particular by forming clots more easily in the brain. Cardiac disorders are responsible for 9.1% of stroke cases.

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  • Control your emotions.
  • Stress but also anger are important risk factors for stroke. A Harvard University study showed that the 2 hours following a fit of rage or anger increased the risk of stroke. It is therefore essential to know how to manage your emotions well. Stress is responsible for 5.8% of stroke cases.

  • Stop addiction.
  • Quit smoking, severely limit your alcohol consumption and do not use drugs. These are important risk factors. For example cocaine increases by a factor of 7 the risk of suffering from stroke 24 hours after taking this drug. Smoking was responsible for 12.4% of stroke cases and alcohol for 5.8%.

    Stroke is an absolute medical emergency. It is important to know how to recognize the first symptoms for rapid treatment of the patient and thus to avoid serious complications, permanent sequelae or death. In case of suspicious signs of stroke contact the emergency room immediately, every minute counts!




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