If you have a sunburn, the damage is already done. But you can lessen the discomfort. When you have been sunburned, you will experience the signs and symptoms within a few hours of your exposure to the sun. The affected skin will be sore, red and swollen. In some cases, it may have blisters. You may also have headaches, fever, and nausea.
To relieve sunburn, take these 6 steps
1 Cool the skin
Apply a clean towel moistened with cold tap water to the affected skin. Or take a cool bath.
2 Apply moisturizer, lotion or gel
Aloe vera lotion or gel or calamine lotion can be soothing.
3 Drink water to avoid dehydration
4 Do not break small blisters (no bigger than your little fingernail).
If blisters break, gently clean the area with mild soap and water, apply antibiotic ointment, and cover the wound with a non-stick gauze dressing. If a rash develops, stop using the ointment and see a doctor.
5 Avoid further sun exposure while your skin heals from sunburn
6 Get treatment for large blisters, such as those covering the back. It is best to remove large bulbs, as they rarely remain intact on their own. Also seek medical help if you experience worsening pain, headache, confusion, nausea, fever, chills, or signs of infection, such as blisters with pus or red streaks.