The 4 main intestinal disorders, their symptoms and treatments

Intestinal disorders are conditions that often affect the small intestine. Some of them can also affect other parts of your digestive system, such as the large intestine. Intestinal disorders affect the way your body digests and absorbs food. They can cause uncomfortable symptoms, such as diarrhea or constipation. If left untreated, they can potentially lead to other health complications. If you think you have a bowel problem, make an appointment with your doctor. They can help you diagnose the cause of your symptoms and recommend a treatment plan.

What are the different types of intestinal disorders?

The most common bowel disorders are:

1 irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
2 Crohn’s disease
3 celiac disease
4 bowel obstruction

IBS affects both the small intestine and the large intestine. It can cause frequent gastrointestinal issues that interfere with your daily life. It affects up to 11% of people worldwide.

Crohn’s disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease. It is also an autoimmune disorder in which your body attacks its own healthy tissues. It can damage the tissues of your intestines, mouth, and anus.

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder in which gluten triggers a negative reaction. Gluten is a type of protein found in some grains, including wheat, rye, and barley. If you eat gluten while you have celiac disease, your immune system responds by attacking the inner lining of your small intestine.

Intestinal obstruction occurs when your intestines are blocked. It can prevent your digestive system from processing food or passing stool properly.

Other medical issues can also cause symptoms similar to these bowel disorders. For example, ulcers, infections, and bowel cancer can cause similar symptoms. A correct diagnosis is key to getting the treatment you need.

What are the common symptoms of intestinal disorders?

Symptoms can vary from bowel disorder and person to person. But some symptoms are relatively common to all types of bowel disorders. For example, you may feel:

– discomfort or pain in the abdomen
– gas and abdominal bloating
– nausea
– diarrhea
– constipation
– vomiting
If you notice blood in your stool, call your doctor right away. Other symptoms of a potentially serious condition are fever and sudden weight loss.

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What are the causes of intestinal disorders?

In many cases, the exact cause of intestinal disorders is unknown. For example, experts don’t yet know what causes irritable bowel syndrome. The precise cause of Crohn’s disease also remains unknown. But certain risk factors can increase your risk of Crohn’s disease, including:

– smoking
– environmental factors, such as diet
– microbial and immunological factors
– family history of Crohn’s disease
– Celiac disease is a genetic disease. You are more likely to develop it if you have a family history of this disease.
– Most bowel obstructions are caused by injuries, previous surgeries, hernias or, in some cases, cancer. Certain medications also increase the risk of developing a bowel obstruction.

How are intestinal disorders diagnosed?

If you have symptoms of bowel problems, make an appointment with your doctor. They can help you diagnose the cause of your symptoms. To do this, he may prescribe various tests.

To diagnose or rule out IBS, your doctor can assess your symptoms using a series of criteria. They can diagnose IBS if you experience abdominal pain along with at least two of the following symptoms:

– changes in the frequency of your bowel movements
– changes in the consistency of your stools
– symptoms that subside after bowel movements

To diagnose or rule out Crohn’s disease or bowel obstructions, your doctor may order imaging tests. For example, he may order a computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or endoscopy to look at your digestive tract. He may also order blood tests.

To diagnose or rule out celiac disease, your doctor may order blood tests and a biopsy of your small intestine. To get a biopsy, he will perform an upper endoscopy and take a tissue sample from your small intestine. He will send the sample to a laboratory for analysis.

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Your doctor may also order tests to check for other conditions that may be causing your symptoms. For example, they may order blood tests or take a stool sample to check for signs of infection.

How are intestinal disorders treated?

Your specific treatment plan will depend on your diagnosis. Your doctor may recommend a combination of lifestyle changes, medications, surgery, or other treatments.

Lifestyle changes

Your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes to help treat bowel disorders, including changes to your diet. Food intolerances can worsen symptoms of IBS, Crohn’s disease and celiac disease. A diet that is too high or too low in fiber can also cause problems.

If you have celiac disease, your doctor will advise you to follow a strict gluten-free diet. To avoid symptoms and reduce the risk of complications, you should avoid eating anything containing barley, rye, or wheat, including spelled or kamut. You should also avoid oats unless they are certified gluten-free. Although oats do not contain gluten, they are often processed in the same equipment as wheat and can be contaminated with gluten.

If you have irritable bowel syndrome or Crohn’s disease, your doctor may encourage you to keep a diary of your food choices and symptoms. This can help you identify trigger foods that are making your symptoms worse. Once you identify the triggers, take steps to avoid them. It is important to maintain a balanced diet as much as possible.

Your doctor may also encourage you to increase or decrease the amount of fiber in your diet. Fiber is important for the health of your intestines. But if you suffer from frequent diarrhea, you may need to cut back until your stools normalize. On the other hand, eating more fiber can help relieve and prevent constipation.

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Your doctor may also recommend that you make changes to your exercise, sleep, or stress management habits.


Your doctor may recommend medications if you have IBS or Crohn’s disease.

If you have IBS and are experiencing diarrhea, your doctor may recommend antidiarrheal medications. If you are constipated, he may recommend stool softeners or laxatives. Depending on your symptoms, some medications that are helpful in treating depression may also benefit patients with Crohn’s disease.

If you have Crohn’s disease, your doctor may recommend painkillers to ease your discomfort. In some cases, he may also prescribe other medications, such as antidiarrheals, stool softeners, immunotherapy drugs, corticosteroids or antibiotics.


If you have Crohn’s disease, your doctor will likely try to treat it first with lifestyle changes and medication. If these measures are not effective, he may recommend surgery to remove diseased or damaged tissue.

If you develop a severe bowel obstruction, your doctor may need to perform surgery to remove or bypass it.

What is the outlook for bowel disorders?

If you are diagnosed with a bowel disorder, your short and long term outlook will depend on your condition, as well as how your body responds to treatment.
In many cases, you can control symptoms and reduce the risk of complications by following the treatment plan recommended by your doctor. If your symptoms do not improve or worsen over time, contact your doctor. He may need to adapt your treatment strategy.

* At press health we strive to transmit medical knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE can the information given replace medical advice. [HighProtein-Foods.com]

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