The best sunscreen: choosing the right sunscreen

The best sunscreen is one that you use liberally and according to label directions. Know what to look for on sunscreen product labels and how to maximize your sun protection.

What are the best ways to protect yourself from the sun?

Focus on the big picture when it comes to sun protection. For example :

– Avoid the sun during peak hours. In general, it is between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. Water, snow, sand and concrete reflect light and increase the risk of sunburn.

– Wear protective clothing against the sun. This includes pants, long-sleeved shirts, sunglasses, and hats.

– Use sunscreen. Look for broad-spectrum, water-resistant coverage with a UV index of at least 30. Apply sunscreen liberally and reapply every two hours, or more often if you’re swimming or sweating .

What is the effect of a broad-spectrum sunscreen?

There are two types of UV rays that can harm your skin: UVA and UVB. A broad-spectrum sunscreen protects you against both types of rays.
UVA rays can prematurely age your skin and cause wrinkles and age spots. UVB rays can burn your skin. Too much UVA or UVB exposure can cause skin cancer. The best sunscreen provides protection against UV rays.

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What solar index do you need?

The Sun Protection Index (SPI) is a measure of the effectiveness of sun protection against UVB rays. (UVA protection is not rated.) Manufacturers calculate sun protection factor based on how long it takes skin treated with sunscreen to get sunburned, compared to skin without. Sun screen.

Experts recommend using a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30. Sunscreens with an SPF above 50 offer only a small increase in UV protection. High IPS have the same lifespan as low IPS.
Often sunscreen is not applied thoroughly or thickly enough, and it can wash off while swimming or sweating. Therefore, sun protection may be less effective than the SPF suggests.

What does a water resistant sunscreen do?

The term “water resistant” means that the IPS is maintained for up to 40 minutes in water. Highly water resistant means the IPS lasts for 80 minutes in water.

What should I know about sunscreen ingredients?

Sunscreens contain filters that reflect or absorb UV rays. There are two main types of filters:

– Organic filters

in principle organic filters absorb UV radiation and convert it into a small amount of heat. Examples are cinnamates, salicylates and benzophenones.

– Inorganic

Inorganic filters reflect and scatter UV radiation. These are, for example, titanium dioxide and zinc oxide. Inorganic sunscreens are generally less irritating to the skin.

Sunscreens may also contain or be combined with:

– Insect repellent

Experts recommend using sunscreen products and insect repellents separately. Sunscreen should be applied generously and often, while insect repellents should be used sparingly and less frequently.

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– Cosmetic products

Some moisturizers, makeup, and aftershaves contain sunscreen. Although convenient, these products must be reapplied regularly to continue to provide protection.

Should I use spray sunscreen or lotion?

Consider the pros and cons of different apps, including:

– Creams

If you have dry skin, you may prefer a cream, especially for the face.

– Lotions

They are often preferred for application on large surfaces. Lotions tend to be thinner and less greasy than creams.

– Vaporizer

The sprays are easy to apply to children. Since it’s hard to know how far you’re applying it, spray a generous, even coat. To avoid inhalation of product, do not spray near face or mouth. Check wind direction before spraying.

What else should I know about sun protection?

When using sunscreen:

– Apply a generous amount of sunscreen to dry skin 15 minutes before going outside.

– Use sunscreen on all areas of the skin that will be exposed to the sun, such as the neck, tops of the feet, ears and top of the head. Apply a lip balm or lipstick with an SPF of at least 30 to your lips.

– Since UV rays can pass through clouds, use sunscreen even on cloudy days.

– Check the expiration date of the sunscreen.

– Avoid using sunscreen on children under 6 months. Instead, try to limit sun exposure.

Use sunscreen year-round, but don’t let any product lull you into a false sense of security about sun exposure. A combination of shade, clothing, sunscreen, and common sense is your best bet

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