Overweight and obesity are often seen as an aesthetic problem. However, this is the least of the evils associated with excess weight!
On the contrary, obesity is above all a medical problem of great importance, because excess fat promotes the development of several serious diseases such as heart disease, hypertension, diabetes and several cancers. Given all of these negative effects, we can only be concerned about the dramatic increase in cases of overweight and obesity currently affecting young people.
The increase in the rate of obesity and overweight among children is already having concrete repercussions: indeed, for the first time perhaps in all of human history, children are suffering from hypertension or are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, two diseases that normally do not develop until much later in life.
In 30 or 40 years: measurable catastrophic health effects
But it is especially during the next 30 or 40 years that the real consequences of this “epidemic” of obesity will really begin to be felt, and obese individuals since childhood will suffer from several pathologies as they age.
High blood pressure and cardiovascular disease: Obese people are five times more likely to have high blood pressure than those of normal weight, and they are often at risk for heart disease due to high levels of blood lipids, such as LDL (the bad cholesterol).
Type 2 diabetes: Excess fat causes blood sugar levels to rise and insulin secretion to rise. When it is constantly called upon, as is the case for obese people, this system becomes exhausted and no longer functions properly, which leads to diabetes. Diabetes is a serious disease which, in the long term, can lead to blindness or tissue death in the extremities of the limbs, which must then be amputated. Around the world, every 30 seconds, someone has a lower limb amputated due to diabetes.
Cancer: Obesity is also a determining factor in the development of several cancers. For example, it is estimated that up to 50% of esophageal, endometrial and kidney cancers are directly related to obesity. This one is
also responsible for 33% of stomach, gallbladder and colon cancers.
As you can see, obesity is becoming a major medical problem.
The devastation it causes is so severe that it is increasingly likely that the next generation will have a shorter life expectancy than that of their parents, not to mention the enormous burden they will place on the public health system. … It is therefore absolutely necessary to react to prevent this disease from mortgaging the future of our children.
Obesity, overweight: junk food and sedentary lifestyle
Several factors are responsible for the emergence of this epidemic of obesity among young people. But none, apart from increasing sedentary lifestyles, play as big a role as junk food. But, instead of promoting a reduction in the intake of these products and a healthier diet, our society seems to encourage their consumption instead. Children are subjected to a constant bombardment of advertisements extolling the “merits” of products that are each sweeter and fattier than the other and sold in gigantic formats. The increasing exposure to phone, tablet and computer screens promotes a sedentary lifestyle, which is another major factor in weight gain and the deterioration of health among adolescents.
Given the catastrophic effects of obesity on health, one is entitled to wonder whether the time has not come for governments to put an end to this race by regulating more closely not only the content, but above all the marketing of these products, often intended for the youngest. We can never say it enough, a good diet and physical activity have enormous potential for the prevention of diseases, even as serious as cancer.