Trigger finger is a condition in which a person’s finger freezes or freezes when they try to straighten or bend it. Depending on the severity of the condition, doctors will recommend surgical treatments, medications, or home remedies.
Most people suffer from trigger finger in the fourth (ring) finger or thumb, but this condition can affect any finger. Trigger finger is the result of inflammation in or around the flexor tendons. The flexor tendons are responsible for the movement of the fingers. Specifically, it occurs due to inflammation of the “pulleys”, which are bands of tissue that attach the finger bone to the flexor tendon. Inflammation of the pulleys affects the finger’s ability to move smoothly.
Here are the treatment options for trigger finger, along with some of its causes and methods of prevention.
- 1 Non-surgical trigger finger treatment
- 2 Common causes of trigger finger
- 3 Trigger finger symptoms
- 4 Trigger finger prevention exercises
- 5 Sources
Non-surgical trigger finger treatment
There are a number of non-surgical options for treating trigger finger. A doctor will usually recommend treating trigger finger nonsurgically when a person begins to have problems with this condition. People can try most of these methods at home.
They understand :
As trigger finger can result from overuse, simply resting the hand and finger can often reduce symptoms. This part of the body may need to be rested for one to two weeks to see results.
2 Take over-the-counter medications
Taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and naproxen, can help reduce spring finger pain and inflammation.
A trigger finger splint usually wraps around the palm of the hand and has a small covering for the lower part of the affected finger. This splint allows a person to bend the top part of their finger without moving the part closest to the palm.
4 Hand and finger exercises
Hand and finger exercises can stretch and strengthen the muscles around the tendons, which can help reduce stiffness and pain. However, it is important to avoid over-exercise and discontinue any exercise that increases pain.
5 Application of ice
Applying a cloth-covered ice pack to the affected finger and palm for 10 to 15 minutes at a time may help reduce inflammation. A person should try to put ice on their finger between three and five times a day.
6 Use of appropriate tools
Placing soft-grip protective covers over steering wheels, power tools, bicycle grips, and even pens can help reduce the effects of friction and potentially lessen the inflammation that leads to trigger finger.
If a person tries non-surgical treatment methods, but their trigger finger persists, a doctor will often recommend surgery. It’s also likely that a doctor will recommend surgery if a finger is permanently “stuck” or bent out of position. Surgeons generally take one of two approaches to treat trigger finger. The first is to make a small incision in the palm to release the pulley that affects finger movement. The second is to insert a needle into the affected area to release the pulley. There is some evidence to suggest that open surgery may reduce the incidence of pain and other symptoms to a greater extent than steroid injections. However, this research only covers the first 6 to 12 months after the operation. Therefore, doctors do not yet know if surgery provides long-term trigger finger relief.
Common causes of trigger finger
Sometimes a person develops trigger finger for no known reason. In other cases, one of the following factors may be responsible:
– Certain medical conditions: Diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis are known factors for causing trigger finger.
– Overuse of fingers: People who work with their hands, especially those who perform vigorous activities using machinery or tools that require gripping, have an increased risk of developing trigger finger.
– Contact Friction: Sometimes repeated use of vibrating power tools in the hand or even holding bicycle grips can result in trigger finger.
– A specific injury is usually not the cause of the trigger finger.
According to an article in the journal Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine, this condition most commonly affects people between the ages of 40 and 50. The article also states that women are about six times more likely than men to suffer from spring finger. People with diabetes are also at higher risk for spring fingers. It is estimated that 10% of diabetics have a trigger finger, compared to 2 to 3% in the general population.
Trigger finger symptoms
Symptoms of trigger finger usually include
– a visible or sensitive bump on the palm, at the base of the finger
– a finger that hangs, hangs or makes a snapping sound when moving
– pain and discomfort when straightening or bending the finger.
One will often notice that his symptoms worsen after a period of increased use of his hands. Symptoms are also usually worse in the morning.
Since the symptoms of trigger finger are very characteristic, a doctor can usually diagnose this condition by performing a physical exam.
Trigger finger prevention exercises
Stretching and strengthening exercises for the wrists and fingers can help people with spring finger and those with a history of the condition prevent and reduce pain. Here are some examples of exercises that can help prevent spring finger:
– Stretching of the wrists
To stretch the wrists:
Place the palms together in front of the chest, feeling a slight stretch in the wrists.
Slowly lower the palms towards the navel to increase the feeling of stretch.
Hold this position for 10 seconds, then release.
– Flexion of the fingertips
This exercise bends the top of the finger joint. People can follow the steps below to do it:
Hold one hand at face level and place the opposite hand around the sore finger, just below the fingertip.
Slowly bend the fingertip at the top knuckle, keeping the rest of the finger straight.
Repeat 10 times on each sore finger.
– Flexion of the central joint
You can try this exercise after fingertip flexion:
Hold the affected finger at the base of the finger joint and bend it at the middle part of the finger.
Slowly straighten the finger.
Repeat 10 times.
Although the above exercises may seem simple, they are very effective in helping a person relieve stress and tension in their fingers and hands.
Another option is to knead or shape clay or modeling clay. This activity is also an effective way to stretch the hand and fingers. If possible, it is advisable to repeat these exercises three to five times a day.
Dardas, AZ, et al. (2017). Long-term effectiveness of repeat corticosteroid injections for trigger finger.
Fiorini, HJ, et al. (2018). Surgery for trigger finger.
Leow, MQH, et al. (2017). Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for trigger fingers.
Makkouk, AH, et al. (2007). Trigger finger: Etiology, evaluation, and treatment.
Matthews, A., et al. (2019). Trigger finger: An overview of the treatment options.