What are the medicinal properties of borage?

Borage, known by the nickname of beef tongue, is an annual herbaceous plant growing mainly in Europe. It belongs to the Boraginaceae family. Its scientific name is Borago officinalis. This plant contains several components that give it medicinal properties. A distinction is made in particular between oleic and linoleic acids, tannins, mucilages, allantoin and pyrrolizidine alkaloids.

Therapeutic indications

Borage has anti-inflammatory and emollient properties. She has a reputation for being able relieve breathing difficulties. It is also effective in case of flu, cold or cough. This is mainly due to its antitussive and expectorant effects. Furthermore, it helps to soothe rheumatic pains as well as uterine spasms that accompany the onset of menstruation.

In addition, this plant allows treat skin problems. It soothes skin irritation caused by dryness and treats conditions such as eczema, psoriasis or herpes. Beef tongue is also excellent in terms of skin care. It delays the aging of the skin and helps preserve its elasticity and suppleness. At the same time, it fights against the appearance of wrinkles and stretch marks.

Finally, it tends to improve the quality of hair and nails.

Dosage forms

Borage is used in the form of herbal tea or infusion, decoction, capsule, cream, mother tincture and vegetable oil.

Instructions for use and recommended dosage

Tisane :

In a cup of boiling water, add two or three dried flowers. Leave to infuse for 10 minutes then drink up to 3 cups a day. As a poultice, this preparation can be applied directly to the skin to fight eczema or psoriasis.

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Capsule or capsule:

The daily dose varies according to age. The capsules should be taken all at once in the morning at breakfast time.

  • Between 6 and 12 years old: 1 capsule per day
  • Between 13 and 18 years old: 2 capsules per day
  • From 18 years old: 3 capsules per day


To be applied daily in fine quantity on the skin as a skin care.

Mother tincture:

In a glass of water, dilute 25 drops of mother tincture. Consume 3 times a day in the morning, noon and evening.

Vegetable oil :

For external use, we use theborage oil to protect the skinnails and hair.

For internal use, oral administration is preferred. The dosage varies depending on the desired result.

  • Rheumatoid arthritis: 6 to 12 g of oil per day
  • Cosmetic care (skin, hair and nails): 1 teaspoon, 1 to 3 times a day

Reasons for caution

The contraindications of borage apply to people:

  • Pregnant and breastfeeding
  • Under 6 years old
  • Patients with liver problems due to its high content of pyrrolizidine alkaloids which are hepatotoxic

In addition, the consumption of vegetable oil in high doses leads to bloating and diarrhea.


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