What are the medicinal properties of sage officinalis?

Sage officinalis or sacred grass is an aromatic, woody or herbaceous plant with opposite leaves and zygomorphic flowers. It is native to the Mediterranean regions and belongs to the Lamiaceae botanical family. Its scientific name is Salvia officinalis. In addition to its ornamental and aromatic properties, this plant also has qualities highly valued in herbal medicine. It is, in fact, at the origin of the healing of several diseases. In addition, it contains essential oil rich in thujone. It also contains terpene derivatives, flavonoids, tannins, vitamin K and bitter principles.

Usual therapeutic indications

The most common actions of sage officinalis are those on the liver and the digestive system. In fact, she has the ability to stimulate liver functions, in particular, the bile secretion. It also improves digestive comfort and treats gastric and abdominal spasms. In addition, it is effective in case of diarrhea, bloating and vomiting.

The holy herb is also an excellent remedy for female troubles. It participates, in particular, in the regulation of the menstrual cycle. It improves the situation in case of premenstrual syndrome and reduces the pain felt during menstruation. At the level of treatments against female infertility, it helps to stimulate ovulation. In postmenopausal women, it reduces the number and intensity of hot flashes.

In addition, this medicinal plant treats the various skin problems. It helps to disinfect wounds and accelerates the healing process. It is also useful for treating insect bites and snakebites.

Its other recognized actions are:

  • Nervous stimulant: restores emotional balance and fights against depressive states
  • Anti-diaphoretic and antipyretic by regulating perspiration
  • Treatment of respiratory and oral conditions: bronchitis, cough, flu, sore throat, mouth ulcers and gingivitis
  • Fight against the degradation of cognitive abilities: memory loss and Alzheimer’s disease
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Pharmaceutical forms

We can find the common sage in the form of herbal tea, decoction, dry extracts, powder, mother tincture, capsule, syrup, hydrosol and essential oil.


Sage officinalis is used as a condiment in cooking. For therapeutic uses, a maximum dose of 15 g per day is recommended.

  • Infusion: 5 g of dried leaves for 1 liter of water, up to 4 cups per day, can also be administered as a gargle or as a compress
  • Mother tincture: up to 30 drops in a glass of water 3 times a day
  • Capsule: 1 to 2 capsules morning, noon and evening
  • Syrup: 1 tablespoon 3 to 4 times a day
  • Essential oil: in atmospheric diffusion or external use, mixed with vegetable oil

Reasons for caution

Sage officinalis is contraindicated in pregnant and breastfeeding women and in people suffering from hormone-dependent cancer. In addition, the internal use of the essential oil is to be avoided.

In high doses, this plant leads to a disturbance of the heart rhythm, convulsions or dizziness.


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