Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It occurs when blood sugar levels rise due to problems with the use or production of insulin. It can appear at any age, but it is more likely to appear after the age of 45. This article reviews the early signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes, risk factors, and potential complications.
What is type 2 diabetes?
Some symptoms of type 2 diabetes can include fatigue, increased hunger, and increased thirst. People with type 2 diabetes do not make or use insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the movement of blood glucose, or sugar, into cells, which use it for energy.
When sugar cannot enter the cells, it means:
– too much glucose builds up in the blood
– the body’s cells cannot use it as an energy source.
A doctor can diagnose diabetes if a person’s blood sugar is at or above 126 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl) after fasting for 8 hours.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
Symptoms of high blood sugar in type 2 diabetes tend to appear gradually. People with type 2 diabetes do not notice all the symptoms in the early stages.
If a person has symptoms, they may notice the following:
– Frequent urination and increased thirst: When excess glucose builds up in the bloodstream, the body extracts fluid from the tissues. This can lead to excessive thirst and the need to drink and urinate more.
– Increased hunger: In type 2 diabetes, cells are unable to access glucose for energy. Muscles and organs lack energy, and the person may feel hungrier than usual.
– Weight loss: When there is too little insulin, the body can start burning fat and muscle for energy. This leads to weight loss.
– Fatigue: When the cells lack glucose, the body gets tired. Fatigue can disrupt the daily life of a person with type 2 diabetes.
– Blurred vision: High blood sugar can cause fluid to be drawn into the lenses of the eyes, which causes swelling and results in temporarily blurred vision.
– Infections and sores: It takes longer to recover from infections and sores because blood circulation is poor and there may be other nutritional deficits.
If people notice these symptoms, they should see a doctor. Diabetes can lead to a number of serious complications. The earlier a person begins to manage their glucose levels, the more likely they are to prevent these complications.
Symptoms in children and adolescents
Type 2 diabetes is most likely to appear after age 45, but it can affect children and teens who:
– are overweight
– do not practice a lot of physical activity
– have high blood pressure
– have a family history of type 2 diabetes
The following symptoms may appear:
– weight loss, despite increased appetite and hunger
– extreme thirst and dry mouth
– frequent urination and urinary tract infections
– blurred vision
– slow healing of cuts or wounds
– numbness or tingling in the hands and feet
– itchy skin
If caregivers notice these symptoms, they should take the child to the doctor. These are also symptoms of type 1 diabetes. Type 1 is less common, but it affects children and adolescents more often than adults. However, type 2 diabetes is becoming more common in young people than in the past.
Symptoms in the Elderly
They may also have one or more of the following symptoms:
– flu-like fatigue, which includes feeling lethargic and chronically weak
– urinary tract infections
– numbness and tingling in the hands, arms, legs and feet due to impaired circulation and nerves
– dental problems, including mouth infections and red, inflamed gums.
A classic early symptom of diabetes can be a cut that takes a long time to heal. Most people don’t experience symptoms in the early stages, and they may not have them for many years.
A possible early sign of type 2 diabetes is dark skin on certain areas of the body, including:
This phenomenon is known as acanthosis nigricans.
Other early symptoms include:
frequent bladder, kidney, or skin infections
cuts that take longer to heal
A person may have mild or subtle symptoms for many years, but these may worsen over time. Other health problems may develop.
Prediabetes and Diabetes Prevention
A person whose blood sugar is between 100 and 125 mg/dl will be diagnosed with prediabetes. This means that her blood sugar is high, but she does not have diabetes. Taking action at this stage can prevent the development of diabetes.
Long-term diabetes complications
Keeping blood sugar levels within target limits helps prevent complications that can, over time, be life-threatening and disabling.
Here are some of the possible complications of diabetes:
– diseases of the heart and blood vessels
– high blood pressure
– nerve damage (neuropathy)
– lesions of the feet
– eye damage and blindness
– kidney disease
– hearing problems
– skin problems
* The information and services available on pressesante.com in no way replace the consultation of competent health professionals. [HighProtein-Foods.com]