What are the values ​​of cimicifuga in herbal medicine?

Cimicifuga or black cohosh is a plant native to North America and southeastern Canada. Its scientific name is Actaea racemosa or Cimicifuga racemosa. It belongs to the Ranunculaceae family.

It is a plant that can easily reach a height of up to 2.5 meters. In the past, Native Americans used it to treat disorders affecting women. Nowadays, this plant constitutes the main ingredient of several pharmaceutical preparations. It is mainly composed of tannins, terpene derivatives, phenolic acids, flavonoids and alkaloids.

In which cases is the use of cimicifuga indicated?

Thanks to its estrogenic activity, cimicifuga serves mainly to treat gynecological disorders. It helps regulate the menstrual cycle. It is particularly effective in case of dysmenorrhea and premenstrual syndrome. In postmenopausal women, it helps reduce the number and intensity of hot flashes. Formerly, it was used to trigger childbirth.

Black cohosh also has properties antiphlogistics and sedatives. To this end, it considerably reduces the characteristic symptoms of rheumatism. It is also useful in cases of tendinitis, torticollis, neuralgia and body aches.

Its other therapeutic indications are:

  • Insomnia and sleep disorders
  • Behavioral disorder and mild depression
  • Migraines and headaches of nervous origin
  • Disorders of the otolaryngology or ENT sphere: ringing in the ears
  • High blood pressure

What are its different forms of use?

In herbal medicine, the rhizomes and roots of the plant are mainly used. For therapeutic uses, it can be found in the form of decoctions, mother tinctures, powders, dry extracts and capsules.

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How to use it and what are the usual dosages?

Depending on the desired result, cimicifuga can be used internally or externally. The dosage, on the other hand, varies depending on the form used. However, the daily dose should never exceed the equivalent of 80 mg of dry extracts.

  • Decoction: infuse for 10 minutes 1 teaspoon of cimicifuga powder in a cup of boiling water. Consume 2 to 3 cups a day.
  • Mother tincture: 1 to 2 ml of tincture 3 times a day
  • capsule: Take 3 to 5 capsules a day with a glass of water. It should be taken during 3 main meals of the day.

What are the precautions for use and the contraindications?

The use of black cohosh is not recommended in the following cases:

  • In combination with birth control pills
  • Hormone-dependent cancer and history of breast cancer
  • Pregnancy and breast feeding
  • Liver disorders

In addition, it is important to respect the recommended doses. Indeed, ingested in high doses, this medicinal plant can cause serious liver disease, nausea or stomach aches.

In order to avoid possible undesirable effects, each treatment or cure based on cimicifuga must be done under the prescription of a doctor or a health professional.


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