Speech therapy summarizes rehabilitation work and treatment of voice and language anomalies (written, oral). A therapeutic discipline that notably straightens speech and stuttering. It treats disorders of bucco-facial motricity, hearing and swallowing. It improves and facilitates communication, while working on its three spheres: psycho-affective, linguistic and cognitive. This paramedical method uses the neuropsychological approach. It can also be complemented with other approaches: psychotherapeutic, neurolinguistic or linguistic.
It is a form of profession that does not stop evolving. Indeed, it develops according to discoveries and scientific research (human sciences or neurosciences). The objective is achieved when the patient (child or adult) is able to speak or communicate better.
Timelines of care with speech therapy
The creator, founding father of the speech therapist therapy is called Jean ITARD. In France, the main designers of this discipline are Dr. Marc COLOMBAT and the phonetician Suzanne BOREL MAISONNY. Speech therapy came first of all from a need for care in children operated on for cleft lip. Its field of application then developed into the regulation of several disorders. Indeed, it was used to treat disorders of language, communication, articulation and speech. In 1964, France officially recognized the status of speech therapist.
Speech therapy and its healing effects
I’speech therapy particularly treats various disorders related to communication, speech, voice and language. Indeed, it solves all the problems of organic origin (neurological or sensory dysfunctions) or psycho-social. Indeed, it solves the:
- Learning disabilities : dyscalculia, dysphasia, dysgraphia, dyslexia, articulatory disorders, paralysis and dysorthographia;
- Disabilities of children and adults(aphasia, dysarthria, autism, trisomy 21, dysphasia, language or speech disorder, etc.);
- Swallowing disordersvoice and speech (dysphasia, stuttering, tubal rehabilitation and dysphonia).
It helps the patient to master segmentation, the alphabetic principle and morphology. In addition, it takes care of pronunciation defects (such as lisping and stuttering). She also accompanies individuals suffering from loss of language due to illness or accident.
Speech therapy in practice
The speech therapy practice goes through three stages: study, evaluation and re-education of the voice. During the first session, the speech therapist makes an initial diagnosis and tries to target the nature of the disorder. It is also used to measure the cognitive abilities of the patient. He then defines a therapeutic approach adapted to the patient. Ten to fifteen sessions of 30 minutes to 1 hour can treat minor disorders. In addition, more pronounced disorders require sessions spread over several years. The exercises depend on the degree of the disorder and the patient’s age (reading, written production, oral comprehension, etc.) Depending on the case, the speech therapist can give instructions, advice and guidance to the patient’s family.