It is a practice of a set of breathing exercises and postures. It aims to provide mental and physical well-being. There are different types of Yoga like Ashtanga, Vinyasa, Iyengar and Hatha.
Ashtanga and Vinyasa are dynamic yogas. During their practice, the sequence of postures is done to the rhythm of the breath. They soften and strengthen the body. This will help improve the cardiovascular system.
The hanta on the other hand is very soft. It is easily practiced by old people.
As for the Yengar, it emphasizes the alignment of the body. It’s a Static Yoga which helps in the development of the understanding of the body.
How did it appear?
The founders of Yoga were born at the time of Patanjali 200 years BC He is of Indian origin. The writings are collected in the form of short inspiring sentences. They are called yoga sutras. The writing was in Sanskrit. In order to make the content accessible to everyone, great masters have worked with and translated them. So the English version and the French version came out.
These writings were drawn from sacred texts and philosophical texts. To cite the Vedanta, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad-Gila, the Samkya and the Hanta-yoga Pradipika. Tantrism and Buddhism are also such sources.
What are the benefits of its practice?
First of all, it is a way to be in harmony with oneself and with others. But also with its environment and with the entire universe.
Yoga improves flexibility, range of motion, balance and posture. It allows to reduce anxiety and stress promoting more restful sleep. It develops respiratory capacity and muscle strength. Also, it improves concentration and energy. But also, it favors the development of a harmonious musculature and the weightloss.
Its proper practice is beneficial for people suffering from joint pain and back.
How is it practiced?
You can practice it alone or take private or group lessons.
It is necessary to use the simple postures when it is practiced without a teacher. This is to avoid injury. One can apply for example the triangle (trikonasana) and the child posture (balasana).
In trikonasana, you have to stand with your feet together. Then take a step forward with the right foot. Place the right hand on the right ankle. Raise the left arms to the sky. Try to keep the bust aligned with the right leg. Do the same on the other side.
A yoga session takes about 1 hour 30 minutes. Its course varies according to the type practiced and according to the teacher.
Generally, the session is divided into three parts. First 10 to 15 minutes of warm-up, then 50 to 60 minutes of exercises. Finally, it ends with relaxation for 10 to 15 minutes.
But the course can also be subdivided as follows. First a brief period of relaxation. Then a warm-up followed by exercises. And finally, there is a new relaxation period.