Wellness

Yoyo Effect: When Dieting Makes You Gain Weight

Repeated dieting could lead to weight gain, because the brain interprets these diets as small starvations and forces the person to store more fat for future shortages. These findings come from new research by scientists from the Universities of Exeter and Bristol in England. Although this work is an animal model, everything indicates that the situation is identical in humans.

Yoyo effect: The brain is afraid of lack and stores more fat

This could explain why people on low-calorie diets often overeat when they go off the diet. As a result, they are unable to lose weight over the long term. On the other hand, the body of people who do not follow a diet will learn that the food is safe and that it does not need to store as much fat.

animal studies

This English study is based on observations of animals such as birds. Animals respond to the risk of food shortage by gaining weight, which is why garden birds are fatter in winter when seeds and insects are harder to find. The authors of this study studied a model of an animal that knows whether food is currently abundant or limited, but does not know when things will change, and therefore must learn about these variations before deciding how much weight to have. This model shows that if food supply is often restricted (as is the case when dieting), an ideal or optimal animal – the one with the best chance of passing on its genes – should gain weight between restrictions. food.

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Surprisingly, the model predicts that the average weight gain for dieters will be higher than those who have never dieted, the yoyo effect. Because those who don’t diet learn that the food supply is safe, so there is less need and need to store fat.”

The right formula for weight loss

If diets don’t work and maintain the yo-yo effect, then what are the effective solutions for losing weight or keeping it off? The best thing you can do to lose weight is to be steady or consistent. Researchers’ work shows that eating only slightly less than you should, all the time, and exercising is far more effective in helping you reach your ideal weight than following low-calorie diets .

Source

Higginson and J McNamara: An adaptive response to uncertainty can lead to weight gain during dieting attempts. Journal of Evolution, Medicine and Public Health

[HighProtein-Foods.com]

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